Korean J Med Mycol.  2016 Sep;21(3):78-83. 10.17966/KJMM.2016.21.3.78.

A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Mimicking Bronchogenic Lung Cancer in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Review of the Literature

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. jangtw@n.kosinmed.or.kr

Abstract

We experienced a 59-year-old immunocompetent female patient who complained progressive cough. A bronchoscopic examination revealed an endobronchial mass protruding from the left lower lobe and occluding anterior-basal segment bronchus. Bronchial biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration were consistent with cryptococcal infection. However, the response of medical therapy was an unsuccessful. Finally, the patient underwent left lower lobectomy with lymph node dissection. We report a case of pulmonary cryptococcosis mimicking bronchogenic lung cancer, and surgical therapy with antifungal treatment resulted in successful resolution of the pneumonia.

Keyword

Bronchoscopy; Bronchial neoplasm; Cryptococcosis; Mycoses; Operative therapy

MeSH Terms

Biopsy
Bronchi
Bronchial Neoplasms
Bronchoscopy
Cough
Cryptococcosis*
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms*
Lung*
Lymph Node Excision
Middle Aged
Mycoses
Needles
Pneumonia
Ultrasonography
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