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Cutaneous Manifestation of Disseminated Cryptococcosis Mimicking Herpes Zoster

Choi H, Shim DH, Kim MS, Shin BS, Na CH

Cutaneous cryptococcosis is classified either as localized cutaneous cryptococcosis, in which the lesions are confined to one area of the skin, or as disseminated cryptococcosis, in which cutaneous manifestations are...
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Cryptococcosis with Mediastinal Lymph Node and Lung Involvement in an Immunocompetent Adolescent: A Case Report

Lee J, Cho CM, Cho HH, Park HS, Kim KH

Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that primarily causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts. It can also cause various infections in immunocompetent patients. Pulmonary cryptococcosis involving the lymph node is relatively...
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Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis in an Older Immunocompetent Patient: A Case Report

Choi H, Kim YI, Na CH, Kim MS, Shin BS

Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that can be found in pigeon droppings, hay, and dust. Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) without systemic involvement is recognized as a distinct clinical condition...
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Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Caused by Intravenous Line in Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Ryu SM, Yoon DH, Chung KJ, Choi JH, Park SG

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococ cus neoformans which is frequently occurred in the immunosuppressed host. The treatment of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is mainly fluconazole, and...
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A Case of Disseminated Infection with Skin Manifestation due to Non-neoformans and Non-gattii Cryptococcus in a Patient with Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Park SS, Lee H, Park WS, Hwang SH, Choi SI, Choi MH, Lee SW, Ko EJ, Choi YJ, Eom HS

Cryptococcus spp. other than Cryptococcus neoformans or Cryptococcus gattii were previously considered saprophytes and thought to be non-pathogenic to humans. However, opportunistic infections associated with non-neoformans and non-gattii species, such...
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A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Mimicking Bronchogenic Lung Cancer in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Review of the Literature

Kim J, Lee JY, Oak CH, Jung MH, Jang TW

We experienced a 59-year-old immunocompetent female patient who complained progressive cough. A bronchoscopic examination revealed an endobronchial mass protruding from the left lower lobe and occluding anterior-basal segment bronchus. Bronchial...
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Massive Mediastinal Lymph Node Involvement of Cryptococcosis in Immunocompetent Host

Choi HS, Lee HW, Lee J, Kim MY, Yoo CG

Cryptococcosis is a systemic opportunistic infection mostly occurred in immunosuppressed patients. Pulmonary cryptococcosis in immunocompetent host is usually localized and self-limiting disease. Pulmonary nodule or mass is the most common...
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Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis in a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient without Immunosuppressants

Bae SY, Kim JY, Oh HH, Choi SJ, Lee JH, Park M, Han SH

Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection that generally occurs in patients with cell-mediated immune dysfunction and involves the central nervous system. Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in...
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A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in an Immunocompetent Male Patient Diagnosed by a Percutaneous Supraclavicular Lymph Node Biopsy

Sung JH, Kim DH, Oh MJ, Lee KJ, Bae YA, Kwon KW, Lee SM, Kang HJ, Choi J

Cryptococcal pneumonia usually occurs in immunocompromised patients with malignancy, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, organ transplantations, immunosuppressive chemotherapies, catheter insertion, or dialysis. It can be diagnosed by gaining tissues in lung...
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A Case of Disseminated Cryptococcosis Mimicking Lung Cancer and Prostate Cancer in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Review of the Literature

Lee Y, Kim JH, Seo H, Park H, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee JS

Cryptococcosis can occur in immunocompetent patients; in fact, it accounts for 20% of all cryptococcal infections. In immunocompetent patients, although clinical symptoms may not be obvious, cryptococcosis should be considered...
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A Case of Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Arising on the Abdomen and Review of the Literature

Park J, Cho YS, Kim DW, Woo SH, Yun SK, Kim HU

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is isolated cutaneous cryptococcosis without evidence of systemic involvement. It usually presents as a solitary nodule in an exposed area, such as head and neck or extremities,...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient Treated With Leflunomide

Byon CK, Yim SW, Park JY, Roh MS, Lee SW, Chung WT, Lee SY

Leflunomide, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, is effective for rheumatoid arthritis as monotherapy or combination therapy with methotrexate. The most common adverse effects are diarrhea, dyspepsia, nausea, abdominal pain, oral ulcer,...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis That Mimicked Rheumatoid Nodule in Rheumatoid Arthritis Lesion

Jang DW, Jeong I, Kim SJ, Kim SW, Park SY, Kwon YH, Jeong YO, Lee JY, Kim BS, Kim WS, Joh JS

Recently, the incidence of pulmonary cryptococcosis is gradually increasing in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Pulmonary rheumatoid nodules (PRN) are rare manifestations of RA. Eighteen months ago, a 65-year old woman...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis treated with Etanercept

Lim CH, Lee SH, Kim HY, Kim WS, Kang S, Kwon SW, Kim J, Park SY, An SH, Yu HM, Kim HR

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder, commonly characterized by inflammation of axial skeleton and development of enthesopathies. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) shows good therapeutic responses in AS...
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Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis in a Patient with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Kim TW, Park SM, Moon JH, Song M, Kim HS, Kim BS, Kim MB, Ko HC

  • KMID: 1789720
  • Korean J Med Mycol.
  • 2013 Dec;18(4):111-116.
Cutaneous manifestation due to Cryptococcus neoformans is mostly reported in cases of the secondary findings to hematogenous dissemination while the primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) is a very rare. PCC usually...
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A Case of Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Skin Involvement in a Rheumatic Arthritis Patient During Long-term Tacrolimus Therapy

Han G, Lee KS, Cho JW

  • KMID: 1927165
  • Korean J Med Mycol.
  • 2013 Sep;18(3):76-81.
Cryptococcosis is the infection caused by the encapsulated yeast Cryptococcus species, occuring most frequently in immunocompromised hosts. Cutaneous cryptococcosis occurs in 10~15% of disseminated cases and its clinical manifestation is...
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Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Cutaneous Manifestation in a Renal Transplant Recipient: A Case Report

Lee SK, Kim HS, Lee JG, Choi JM, Jung IS, Yhi JY, Hwang SW, Lee CH, Kwon OJ, Kang CM

Cryptococcosis commonly affects patients with immune dysfunction, as in the case of immunosuppression in organ transplant patients or as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in patients afflicted with human immunodeficiency virus. The...
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Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Mimicking Hematogeneous Metastases in an Immuocompetent Patient: Value of Absent 18F-Fluorodeoxylucose Uptake on Positron Emission Tomography/CT Scan

Lee CH, Tzao C, Chang TH, Chang WC, Huang GS, Lin CK, Lin HC, Hsu HH

The radiologic appearance of multiple discrete pulmonary nodules in immunocompetent patients, with cryptococcal infection, has been rarely described. We describe a case of pulmonary cryptococcosis, presenting with bilaterally and randomly...
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Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Mimicking Herpes Zoster

Kim YG, Kim HW, Park HC, Kim JE, Ko JY, Ro YS

  • KMID: 1427470
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2013 May;51(5):343-347.
Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) is a localized skin infection confined to one body region, without evidence of dissemination. The clinical presentation of PCC is so variable that its diagnosis requires...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Mimicking Primary Lung Cancer with Multiple Lung Metastases

Kim YS, Lee IH, Kim HS, Jin SS, Lee JH, Kim SK, Song SH, Yoo J, Kim CH, Kwon SS

Cryptococcosis is an invasive fungal infection, which is more common in immunocompromised patients. However, pulmonary cryptococcosis can occur in immunocompetent patients and should be considered on a differential diagnosis for...
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