Endocrinol Metab.  2016 Sep;31(3):433-438. 10.3803/EnM.2016.31.3.433.

Osteoporosis and Prevalent Fractures among Adult Filipino Men Screened for Bone Mineral Density in a Tertiary Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Manila, Philippines. ericksmendoza@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Osteoporosis in men is markedly underdiagnosed and undertreated despite higher morbidity and mortality associated with fractures. This study aimed to characterize adult Filipino men with osteopenia, osteoporosis and prevalent fractures.
METHODS
A cross-sectional study of 184 Filipino men ≥50 years screened for bone mineral density was performed. Age, weight, body mass index (BMI), Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) score, smoking status, family history of fracture, diabetes mellitus, physical inactivity, and T-score were considered.
RESULTS
Of the 184 patients, 40.2% and 29.9% have osteopenia and osteoporosis. Sixteen (21.6%) and 18 (32.1%) osteopenic and osteoporotic men have fragility hip, spine, or forearm fractures. Men aged 50 to 69 years have the same risk of osteoporosis and fractures as those ≥70 years. While hip fractures are higher in osteoporotic men, vertebral fractures are increased in both osteopenic and osteoporotic men. Mere osteopenia predicts the presence of prevalent fractures. A high risk OSTA score can predict fracture. A BMI <21 kg/m2 (P<0.05) and current smoking are associated with osteoporosis.
CONCLUSION
A significant fraction of Filipino men with osteopenia and osteoporosis have prevalent fractures. Our data suggest that fractures occur in men <70 years even before osteoporosis sets in. Low BMI, high OSTA score, and smoking are significant risk factors of osteoporosis.

Keyword

Fracture; Osteoporosis; Men

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Body Weight
Bone Density*
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Forearm
Hip
Hip Fractures
Humans
Male
Mortality
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Osteoporosis*
Risk Factors
Self-Assessment
Smoke
Smoking
Spine
Tertiary Care Centers*
Smoke
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