J Korean Neurol Assoc.  1996 Sep;14(3):832-835.

Claude Syndrome in Midbrain Infraction

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Yonsei University College of Medicine.

Abstract

Claude syndrome is a well known midbrain syndrome which is characterized by ipsilateral oculomotor nerve palsy and contralateral cerebellar ataxia by the lesion of the red nucleus. Although this syndrome was reported as early as in 1924 by Claude, only a few cases have been reported. Moreover, the midbrain infarction as a cause of Claude syndrome has quite rarely been described. Firstly, we report a 61-year-old patient with partial oculomotor nerve palsy and contralateral cerebellar ataxia who demonstrated an infarction just caudal to the red nucleus on MRI. Secondly, we also discuss the probable vertical fascicular arrangement of the oculomotor nerve in the midbrain.


MeSH Terms

Brain Stem Infarctions*
Cerebellar Ataxia
Humans
Infarction
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Mesencephalon*
Middle Aged
Oculomotor Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve Diseases
Red Nucleus
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