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Brain Stem Infarction Due to Basilar Artery Dissection in a Patient with a Parotitis and Hyperhomocysteinemia

Ahn BJ

A 29-year-old man developed sudden dysarthria and right-sided weakness 3 days before admission to hospital. He was diagnosed with parotitis in the emergency room of Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital. The...
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Top of the Basilar Syndrome after 2nd Cervical Spine Fracture

Kim SP, Sun KH, Kim SJ, Kim TH

Top of the basilar (TOB) syndrome occurs with occlusion of the rostral portion of the basilar artery that supplies blood to the midbrain, thalamus, and temporal and occipital lobes. Symptoms...
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Delayed-Onset Continuous Bruxism with Olivary Hypertrophy After Top of the Basilar Syndrome

Kim SG, Kim MJ, Cha MJ, Cho SJ, Kwon KH, Minn YK

Delayed-onset continuous bruxism due to brain stem infarction has not yet been reported. A 49-year old man presented with quadriplegia and ophthalmoplegia. Brain MRI showed acute infarction in the bilateral...
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A Case of Combined Facial and Vestibulocochlear Nerve Paralysis in Brainstem Infarction

Woo HY, Han DH, Cho CK, Choi C

  • KMID: 2276669
  • Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.
  • 2006 Jun;49(6):655-659.
Isolated cranial nerve palsy without long tract signs such as contralateral hemiparesis, hemihypoesthesia and ataxia is often reported as brainstem infarction. But most of them are accompanied by oculomotor or...
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Brainstem Infarction in Patients with Basilar Artery Dolichosis

Park JG, Kim BC, Lee SH, Choi SM, Park MS, Kim MK, Cho KH

  • KMID: 1626902
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2005 Jun;23(3):318-323.
BACKGROUND: Basilar arterial dolichosis (BD) has chracteristics of tortuosity and elongation. BD can cause obstructive hydrocephalus, direct compression of brainstem and cranial nerves, and cerebral ischemia or infarction. It has...
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Neuro-Behcet's Disease Presenting with Foville Syndrome : A Case Report

Chung WH, Park SA, Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 2328987
  • J Korean Bal Soc.
  • 2003 Jun;2(1):129-132.
A Foville syndrome is rare. A 46-year-old man with a 3-year history of Behcet's disease presented with a right facial palsy and a limitation in the rightward movements of the...
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Brainstem Infarction Following Snake Bite

Kwon SB, Lee BC, Bae JC, Hwang SH, Kim DH

  • KMID: 2342705
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1998 Aug;16(4):569-573.
Bleeding complications of central nervous system following snake bite are well known. However, nonhemorrhagic manifestations such as ischemic stroke are extremely rare. As far as we know, only four such...
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Cheiro-oral Syndrome with INO following Brainstem Infarction

Jeong DS, Lee BR, Cho SG, Park HK, Shin HK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 2342652
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1998 Apr;16(2):229-232.
Brainstem lesions may produce a cheiro-oral syndrome infrequently. The cheiro-oral syndrome in pontine lesion is due to involvement of ventral trigeminothalamic tract and the medial part of the medial lemniscus....
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Ocular Torsion and Tilt of Subjective Visual Vertical and Head in Patients with Acute Brainstem Stroke

Cho SE, Park JH, Chung KC, Chang DI

  • KMID: 1546746
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1998 Feb;16(1):15-20.
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The ocular torsion (OT) and tilt of the subjective visual vertical (SVV) are sensitive brainstem signs and helps us to localize lesion. We calibrated the degree of...
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Claude Syndrome in Midbrain Infraction

Minn YK, Hur JH, Kim JY

  • KMID: 2342571
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1996 Sep;14(3):832-835.
Claude syndrome is a well known midbrain syndrome which is characterized by ipsilateral oculomotor nerve palsy and contralateral cerebellar ataxia by the lesion of the red nucleus. Although this syndrome...
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Clinical Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Angiography in Patients with Cerebellar and/or Brainstem Infarction

Kim HC, Song HK, Lee BC

  • KMID: 2066042
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1996 Mar;14(1):46-52.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance angiography is helpful noninvasive evaluation of intracranial arteries and, in some patients, may spare invasive angiography which has potentially serious complication. However, it's diagnostic value...
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A Case of Non-paralytic Pontine Exotropia in Brain Stem Infarction

Yoo YS, Lee TH, Sohn SI, Lim JG, Yi SD, Park YC, Lee DK

  • KMID: 1957250
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1995 Sep;13(3):703-706.
Paralytic pontine extropia(PPE) is a exotropia in contralateral eye of lesion side, associated with one-and- a-half syndrome in acute phase of brainstem infarction and after then, often followed by non-paralytic...
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Top of the Basilar Syndrome: Clinical and Radiological Characteristics

Kim BM, Roh JK, Park SH

  • KMID: 2342437
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1994 Sep;12(3):448-457.
Clinical and radiological characteristics were studied in twenty-six patients with MRI-supported "top of the basilar" syndrome. Transient symptoms of vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency often preceded the eventual stroke in 46% of...
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Is Enhanced MRI Helpful in Brainstem Infarction?

Jeong YM, Shin GH, Choi WS

  • KMID: 2025127
  • J Korean Radiol Soc.
  • 1994 Dec;31(6):1005-1009.
PURPOSE: To determine the role of MR contrast enhancement in evaluating time course of brainstem infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging with IV administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine was retrospectively reviewed in 43...
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A Case of Absence Status as Initial Manifestation of Brainstem Infarction

Jung WY, Cho KW, Na JK, Choi IS

  • KMID: 1957410
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 1992 Sep;10(3):382-387.
Absence status consists of prolonged episodes during which there is a disturbance of mental function in association with a continuous repetitive or intermittent spike and wave pattern on the electroencephalography....
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The Two Cases of Klippel-Trenaunay Weber Syndrome

Ha MC, Lee IH, Lim YT, Chun HJ, Park HJ, Kim CY

  • KMID: 1682565
  • J Korean Pediatr Soc.
  • 1988 Mar;31(3):391-397.
No abstract available.
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A Case of Klippel - Trenaunay - Weber Syndrome

Kim CY, Chang CY

  • KMID: 1677692
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 1978 Jun;16(3):215-221.
The association of varicose vein, soft tissue and bony hypertrophy and. cutaneous hemangioma of the "port-wine" variety confined to one extremity was first reported in l900 by Klippel and Trenaunay,...
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A Case Report of Klippel-Trenaunay-Parkes Weber Syndrome

Jeun KH, Kim YP

  • KMID: 1664104
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 1971 Apr;9(2):15-22.
The patient was a 24-year-old Korean man with an extensive nevus flammeus over the rigbt buttock, penis, leg, ankle and dorsal aspect of foot. Varicose veins on the flexor aspect...
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