J Korean Epilepsy Soc.  2002 Jun;6(1):27-31.

Effect of Antiepileptic Drugs on Cognitive Evoked Potentials in Epileptic Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. nekim@ns.kosinmed.or.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs may be associated with cognitive dysfunction. P300 event-related potentials have been used to assess cognitive function. In this study we investigated the effect of antiepileptic drugs on P300 event-related potentials in epileptic patients.
METHODS
P300 latency in event-related potentials was recorded during an auditory oddball paradigm in 29 patients, 10 with generalized epilepsy and 19 with partial epilepsy. The relationships between antiepileptic drugs and P300 latency prolongation were analyzed.
RESULTS
P300 latency was prolonged in 31% (9/29) patients with epilepsy. There were no significant relationships between etiology of epilepsy, type of seizure, or type of antiepileptic drugs and P300 latency prolongation. The number or serum level of antiepileptic drugs and treatment duration were related to latency prolongation, but these relations were not significant.
CONCLUSION
The prolongation of P300 latency in event-related potentials is not significantly related to antiepileptic drug. This finding suggests that P300 may not be a sensitive additional procedure to assess the cognitive status in epileptic patients.

Keyword

Event-related potentials; Epilepsy; Antiepileptic drug

MeSH Terms

Anticonvulsants*
Epilepsies, Partial
Epilepsy
Epilepsy, Generalized
Event-Related Potentials, P300
Evoked Potentials*
Humans
Seizures
Anticonvulsants
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