J Korean Assoc Pediatr Surg.  2002 Dec;8(2):107-112.

Experience with 85 Cases with Branchial Anomalies

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Branchial anomaly is a frequently occurring congenital abnormality in childhood. It is important for the pediatric surgeon alike to be familiar with the embryology and differentiation of head and neck structure to accurately diagnose and treat these lesions. Eighty-five patients with branchial anomaly treated at Hanyang University Hospital between 1980 and 2001 were reviewed to determine relative frequency, clinical classification and appropriate treatment. The male to female ratio of branchial anomaly was 1.2:1. The most commonly presenting age was before 1 year (32 %) and the age group between 1 and 3 year (22 %) followed it. According to the classification of branchial anomalies, 73 of 85 cases were second branchial anomaly, 9 had the first type and 3 did fourth type. One patient showed combined anomalies of the first and the second type. Infection sign were seen in 70 % of patients at the time of the first visit to our hospital and also patients' symptoms were frequently related with the infection. Forty-one cases (48 %) were fistula, 21 (25 %) were cysts, 21 (25 %) were sinuses, and two were only cartilage remnants. The most common type of the branchial anomalies is the second branchial fistula and the most common symptoms of the anomalies are related with infection. Initial proper diagnosis and anatomical classification of the anomalies are very important in managing the lesions. The efforts to find the exact anatomical location of the fistula or sinus tract are necessary because total excision of the lesions including those tracts is the only way to prevent recurrence.

Keyword

Branchial anomaly; Classification; Fistula; Sinus; Cyst

MeSH Terms

Cartilage
Classification
Congenital Abnormalities
Diagnosis
Embryology
Female
Fistula
Head
Humans
Male
Neck
Recurrence
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