Sleep Med Psychophysiol.  1997 Jun;4(1):66-76.

Sleep Habits and Sleep Disorders among the Elderly Between 65-84 years Who are Living in a Part of Pusan

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study is to analyse sleep habits and sleep disorders in the elderly population ased 65-84 years.
METHODS
Epidemiological survey was performed at home by means of semistructured interviews in the city of Pusan, Korea. Subjects were randomly selected. The questionnaire consisted of 128 items including demographic findings, sleep habits, sleep disorders, somatic illnesses, and psychological distresses.
RESULTS
(1) The mean retiring time was 10.28 h (SD1.30 h) and the mean wake-up time was 5.24 h (SD 1.33 h). The mean duration of sleep was 5.63 h (SD 1.80 h ). The subjects reported they woke up an average of 2.05 (SD 1.59) times per night. All of the above results were not related to age or gender. However, the mean frequency of difficulty in initiating/maintaining sleep was 2.2 times for men and 3.2 times for women (p<0.05). (2) The prevalence of insomnia was 57.7% and was not related to age or gender. Difficulty in initiating sleep was the most commonly reported insomnia complaint(52.4%). Early morning awakening was reported by 50.0% of patients and difficulty in maintaining sleep was reported by 45.1% of them. Worrying in bed and physical pain were strong contributing factor to insomnia.
CONCLUSIONS
The results of our study showed several characteristics of sleep habits in the elderly. Sleep disorder in old age is not inevitable or trivial. Since sleep disturbance in older adults is common and distressing, it has implications for general health and well-being. Active concern and therapeutic intervention for the sleep habits and sleep disorders in the elderly are needed.

Keyword

The elderly; Sleep haits; Sleep disorders

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged*
Busan*
Female
Humans
Korea
Male
Prevalence
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sleep Wake Disorders*
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
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