Res Vestib Sci.  2013 Sep;12(3):106-109.

The Assumption of Diagnosis and Site of Lesion in Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Using a Questionnaire

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. stedman@inha.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Industrial Engineering, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Diagnosis of patients with dizziness requires detailed history taking. Using a questionnaire may be helpful for accurate and rapid diagnosis. However, no reliable questionnaire was developed yet. The purpose of this study is to know if authors' questionnaire is reliable for diagnosing of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and deciding affected canal.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We evaluated 45 patients presenting with positional vertigo from January 2012 to September 2012. We developed a questionnaire by extracting specific questions on positional vertigo from the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the activities-specific balance confidence scale. All the patients answered the questionnaire, followed by Dix-Hallpike test and head rolling test. Affected canal suspected by the questionnaire was analyzed and compared with affected canal confirmed by positioning test.
RESULTS
Among 45 patients, 24 (53%) was diagnosed with BPPV by positioning test. Patients with posterior canal BPPV (p-BPPV) answered positive of dizziness in pitch axis movement more frequently than roll and yaw, but it was not statistically significant (p>0.05). In the patients with lateral canal BPPV (l-BPPV), no significant difference was observed among three axes. Concordance rate of suspected canal by the questionnaire and positioning test was 36% in p-BPPV and 39% in l-BPPV.
CONCLUSION
Diagnosis of BPPV and affected canal by the questionnaire based on movement axis is limited in this study. Development of more reliable questionnaire is necessary.

Keyword

Vertigo; Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; Questionnaire
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