Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Apr;13(1):48-57. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.1.48.

Effects of the Provision of Information on Anxiety in Patients during Outpatient Surgery: A Systematic Review

  • 1Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the research methods, contents, and effects of providing information to alleviate patients' anxiety during outpatient surgery.
The PICOTS-SD (Participants, Interventions, Comparisons, Outcomes, Time, Setting, Study design) was used and 11 randomized controlled trials studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. For assessing the quality of the studies, the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used.
In the 11 selected studies, intervention methods included verbal, written paper, video, and websites, and the outcome variable was anxiety. Regarding the effectiveness of providing information on anxiety, the result of the present study was ambivalent.
This study showed the current trends in providing information as an intervention. However, randomized controlled trials are further needed in Korea, to verify the effects of such an intervention on patients' anxiety.


Outpatient; Surgery; Anxiety; Information; Systematic review

MeSH Terms

Ambulatory Surgical Procedures*
Bias (Epidemiology)
Clinical Trial


  • Figure 1. PRISMA flow chart of studt selection.

  • Figure 2. Assessment risk of bias in selected studies.


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