Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2012 Dec;55(12):777-781. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2012.55.12.777.

The Utility of Sono-Guided Sclerotherapy for Benign Thyroid Cyst: Prospective Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea. lsw0922@schmc.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Ultrasonography (USG)-guided sclerotherapy using a sclerotherapic agent such as ethanol, OK-432, recently has gained popularity as a treatment for nonfunctioning benign thyroid nodules. The study evaluates the efficacy and safety of the USG-guided sclerotherapy for that purpose.
SUBJECTS AND METHOD
Included in the study were 23 patients who had complaints of applied pressure or cosmetic problems due to cystic thyroid nodules, which had been diagnosed as benign and nonfunctioning by fine-needle aspiration biopsy and thyroid function test. Sclerotherapy was performed with OK-432 or 99.9% ethanol following nearly complete evacuation of the fluid from the cystic portion of thyroid nodule. At each USG follow-up, we measured the volume of cysts, symptom scores, cosmetic scores using a visual analog scale, and related complications were examined at postoperative dates of one and six months.
RESULTS
The volume of thyroid cysts were significantly reduced (p<0.01) with mean volume reduction rates of 77.3+/-21.2% at postoperative 6 months. The cosmetic score and symptom score were significantly improved following sclerotherapy (p<0.01). Major complications related to sclerotherapy, such as vocal cord paralysis, thyrotoxicosis and tissue necrosis, did not happen during the follow-up observation.
CONCLUSION
USG-guided sclerotherapy could be a simple and effective treatment modality for benign cystic thyroid nodules.

Keyword

Sclerotherapy; Thyroid cyst

MeSH Terms

Biopsy, Fine-Needle
Chronology as Topic
Cosmetics
Ethanol
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Necrosis
Picibanil
Prospective Studies
Sclerotherapy
Thyroid Function Tests
Thyroid Gland
Thyroid Nodule
Thyrotoxicosis
Vocal Cord Paralysis
Cosmetics
Ethanol
Picibanil
Full Text Links
  • KJORL-HN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error