Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2013 Feb;22(1):47-56.

The Factors that affect the Health Promoting Behaviors of Middle-aged Workers between Type D and Non-type D Personality

Affiliations
  • 1Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju, Korea. junhee0802@woosuk.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study is to identify the factors that affect middle-aged workers' health promoting behaviors.
METHODS
214 middle-aged workers participated in surveys, and the data were collected from August to September 2012 and analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis with PASW 18.0 program.
RESULTS
It was found that among the factors, the degree of job stress (t=7.69, p<.001) and depression (t=6.23, p<.001) were significantly high for type D individuals, while non type D showed meaningful degree of self-related health status (t=-3.66, p<.001) and health promoting behaviors (t=-4.71, p<.001). The notable variable that affected the health promoting behaviors of the middle-aged workers was depression for both type D (beta=-.357, p= .029) and non type D (beta=-.325, p<.001) individuals, and this variable accounted for 24.1% and 18.2% respectively.
CONCLUSION
The study revealed that the middle-aged workers showed high degree of job stress and depression that influenced on their health promoting behaviors. Thus, they are recommended to receive health management programs that offer treatment through consulting considering their individual personalities.

Keyword

Health behavior; Middle-aged; Personality; Workers

MeSH Terms

Depression
Health Behavior
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