Korean J Med.  2015 Jul;89(1):13-20. 10.3904/kjm.2015.89.1.13.

Complications of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Respirology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. choisj@paik.ac.kr

Abstract

While obstructive sleep apnea is a well-known sleep disorder, undiagnosed and untreated patients are an enormous burden in Korea. An episode of obstructive sleep apnea can induce dramatic changes in hemodynamics, leading to desaturation/reperfusion injury. Many complications follow episodes of obstructive sleep apnea and result in cardiovascular and other diseases, such as hypertension, heart failure, stroke, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, diabetes mellitus, impotence, and even cancer mortality. Consequently, the role of physicians in detecting, treating, and educating patients about obstructive sleep apnea becomes more important.

Keyword

Sleep apnea; Obstructive; Complication

MeSH Terms

Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Coronary Artery Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Erectile Dysfunction
Heart Failure
Hemodynamics
Humans
Hypertension
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Korea
Male
Mortality
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive*
Stroke
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