Asian Nurs Res.  2010 Mar;4(1):10-18.

Predictors of Hearing Protection Behavior Among Power Plant Workers

Affiliations
  • 1Korea Southern Power Co., Ltd, Busan Combined Cycle Power Plant, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. jeongis@pusan.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Community Health System, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to identify factors affecting the use of the hearing protection devices (HPDs) among workers exposed to noise using the Pender Health Promotion Model.
METHODS
The 222 subjects came from thermal power plants with similar noise levels, which are between 80 dB and 90 dB in South Korea. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires designed to measure concepts from the Health Promotion Model.
RESULTS
Mean percent times of using the HPDs at their most recent job site were 50.9%, and 20.3% had never the HPDs. The predictors of HPD use were social modeling (OR = 1.380), perceived benefits (OR = 1.150), and working at noisy worksites (OR = 4.925) when the outcome was based on the "non-use" versus "used at least once". However, the predictors of HPD use were social modeling (OR = 1.795) and perceived benefits (OR = 1.139) based on the "less than half-of-the-time-use" versus "more than half-of-the-time-use".
CONCLUSION
Social modeling and perceived benefits of using the HPDs are important for workers to keep minimal or certain level of using the HPDs.

Keyword

hearing protective devices; utilization

MeSH Terms

Ear Protective Devices
Health Promotion
Hearing
Noise
Porphyrins
Power Plants
Republic of Korea
Workplace
Surveys and Questionnaires
Porphyrins
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