J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2014 Oct;55(10):1543-1548. 10.3341/jkos.2014.55.10.1543.

A Case of Huge Pilocytic Astrocytoma Causing Eyeball Subluxation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. yswoph@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
To report a relatively rare case of huge pilocytic astrocytoma of the optic nerve and optic chiasm causing eyeball subluxation. CASE SUMMARY: An eight-year-old male presented with proptosis and visual loss in the left eye for one year. The radiological findings showed a 2.9 x 2.7 x 4.2-cm tumor on the left optic nerve and optic chiasm. For diagnosis and treatment, the patient underwent tumor resection and enucleation. Pathohistological analysis of the tumor specimen revealed pilocytic astrocytoma, which is classified by the World Health Organization as a grade I astrocytic tumor.
CONCLUSIONS
Astrocytoma is a tumor of the brain that affects children more often than adults. In general, gross-total resection of pilocytic astrocytoma is expected to be curative due to the non-invasive feature of the tumor. Considering pilocytic astrocytoma as differential diagnosis of orbital tumor in children with symptoms of rapidly progressive proptosis and decreased visual acuity is important because occurrence in the optic nerve and optic chiasm is possible.

Keyword

Optic chiasm; Optic nerve; Pilocytic astrocytoma

MeSH Terms

Adult
Astrocytoma*
Brain
Child
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, Differential
Exophthalmos
Humans
Male
Optic Chiasm
Optic Nerve
Orbit
Visual Acuity
World Health Organization
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