J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2000 Mar;11(1):83-91.

Maritime Medicine

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Maritime medicine refers to the medical care and education of medical disease which may develop during a cruise. Recently, cruise passengers are increasing around the world and maritime medicine has been initiated in Korea with beginning of the trip to Mt. Kumgang in 1998. Nowadays, there are about 4,000 passengers per week. Therefore, the data were analyzed to promote the understanding of maritime medicine, which was first applied on the Mt. Kumgang cruise, and to help the medical members who will be participation in the maritime medicine in the future.
METHODS
From November 1998 to February 1999, all patients who visited to medical cabin of the cruise ship(Hyundai Pongnae) were analyzed retrospectively. RESULT: 2,162 patients excluding 182 patients who re-admitted were analyzed. In each cruise, there were 65.5(9.0%) passengers and 42(13.0%) crews. The male to female ratio was 1.6 : 1, with 709 males and 451 females. The common problems were respiratory and musculoskeletal diseases followed by dematologic and gastrointestinal problems in order of frequency. There were 18 patients who had trauma above 4 points in ISS. Ten patients were confined to the medical cabin. The ship returned to Donghae-port one time, 8 patients were evaluated immediately and 41 patients were referred without urgency.
CONCLUSION
Maritime medicine has a particular characteristic of dealing with various cases and treatments including emergencies with limited space, man-power, facilities and equipment. It obviously proposes the participation emergency medical doctors in the maritime medicine because medical personnel must take part in not only medical management but also in education and prevention including CPR. The medical staff in charge of maritime medicine should establish a proper plan depending on the purpose of the cruise and must endeavor to solve the problem.


MeSH Terms

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Education
Emergencies
Female
Humans
Korea
Male
Medical Staff
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Retrospective Studies
Ships
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