J Cardiovasc Ultrasound.  2012 Mar;20(1):52-56. 10.4250/jcu.2012.20.1.52.

Cases of Hemolytic Anemia with Periprosthetic Leaks Evaluated by Real-Time 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. yang.hyun@kuh.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Anesthesiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 4Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

Hemolytic anemia is recognized as a rare complication of mitral valve replacement or repair. We report on a 44-year-old man with shortness of breath and hemolytic anemia, 23 years after mitral valve replacement (Hall-Kaster), and a 63-year-old woman diagnosed of hemolytic anemia, 4 years after mitral and tricuspid annuloplasty (Tailor ring, An-core ring). Routine 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography revealed paravalvular leakage around the prosthesis. Subsequent real-time 3-dimensional (3D)transesophageal echocardiography helped the perceptional appreciation of the leakage and the measuring of the regurgitant orifice area using the anatomically correct plane. Surgical findings of each case fit those of 3D volumetric images.

Keyword

Hemolytic anemia; Three-dimensional echocardiography

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anemia, Hemolytic
Dyspnea
Echocardiography
Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional
Echocardiography, Transesophageal
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve
Prostheses and Implants
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