J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2015 Aug;22(3):268-276. 10.7739/jkafn.2015.22.3.268.

Factors related to the Management of MultiDrug-Resistant Organisms among Intensive Care Unit Nurses: An Application of the Health Belief Model

Affiliations
  • 1Clinical Health & Science University Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Infection Control, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea.
  • 3Division of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Korea. chiyoung@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify factors which influence the management of MultiDrug-Resistant Organisms (MDROs) by nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs).
METHODS
Data were collected from December 8 to 20, 2013 and participants were 163 ICU nurses working in one general hospital. The Health Belief Model tool and knowledge and management of MDROs infection tools were used in the study. Descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variances, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression were used to analyze the data.
RESULTS
Knowledge, perceived susceptibility, and perceived benefits had a significant influence on MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus,) and MDRAB (Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii) infection management when all the other variables were considered. Significant variable which had influence on VRE (Vancomycin Resistant Eenterococci) infection management were perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits.
CONCLUSION
Perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits had significant influence on MDROs infection management. Emphasis needs to be on the perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits of MDROs infection management when providing an educational program for ICU nurses.

Keyword

Multiple drug resistance; Infection control; Intensive care unit; Nurses

MeSH Terms

Acinetobacter
Drug Resistance, Multiple
Hospitals, General
Infection Control
Intensive Care Units*
Critical Care*
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus
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