J Korean Acad Nurs.  2015 Jun;45(3):347-356. 10.4040/jkan.2015.45.3.347.

Effectiveness of the Self-determination Theory based a Motivational Interviewing YOU-TURN Program for Smoking Cessation among Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Sunlin College, Pohang, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. yeonheechoi@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
In this study, the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing smoking cessation YOU-TURN program for adolescents was examined. The program was based on the self-determination theory.
METHODS
The study was carried out with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Participants in the present study were 136 high school students living in D city. The students were assigned to the experimental group (n=52) who participated in the motivational interviewing smoking cessation YOU-TURN program based on self-determination theory, or to the control group (n=84) who participated in a general smoking cessation program. Data were collected from September 1, 2013 through April 30, 2014. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS PC+ 21.0 with Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Repeated Measures ANOVA, and MANOVA-Wilk's Lambda.
RESULTS
The experimental group had a significant increase in basic psychological needs, and duration of quitting-smoking in comparison with the control group. The experimental group had a significant decrease in cigarettes smoked per day and cotinine in urine in comparison with the control group.
CONCLUSION
The motivational interviewing YOU-TURN program, when delivered to adolescents who smoked, was effective in discouraging smoking, and can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for adolescents who smoke.

Keyword

Personal autonomy; Motivation; Interview; Smoking cessation; Adolescent

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Cotinine/urine
Female
Humans
Male
*Motivational Interviewing
*Personal Autonomy
*Program Evaluation
Psychology, Adolescent
*Smoking Cessation
Cotinine
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