J Korean Acad Nurs.  2012 Feb;42(1):19-27. 10.4040/jkan.2012.42.1.19.

Effectiveness of a Motivational Interviewing Smoking Cessation Program on Cessation Change in Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. yeonhee@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study examined the effectiveness of an Adolescent Motivational Interviewing Cessation program on smoking cessation change. The study was done with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design.
METHODS
The participants were 39 high school students from G city, who were in school from September 1 to October 30, 2009. The students were assigned to the experimental group (20) and participated in the motivational interviewing cessation program or to the control group (19) who did not participate. Data analyses involved chi2-test, independent t-test, Repeated Measures ANOVA, and utilized the SPSS program.
RESULTS
The experimental group had significantly less daily smoking, nicotine dependence and smoking temptation in comparison to the control group. The experimental group had significantly higher stage of change in comparison to the control group.
CONCLUSION
The results of the study indicate that a motivational interviewing cessation program delivered to adolescents who smoke is an effective method of encouraging cessation, and can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for adolescents who smoke.

Keyword

Motivation; Interview; Smoking cessation; Adolescent

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Humans
*Interviews as Topic
*Motivation
Program Evaluation
Questionnaires
*Smoking Cessation
Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control/*psychology
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