Korean J Perinatol.  2016 Mar;27(1):28-35. 10.14734/kjp.2016.27.1.28.

Efficacy of Ultrasound-guided Contrast Enema on Meconium Plug Syndrome in Preterm Infants

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. choicw1029@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aims to compare the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided contrast enema comparing with exploratory laparotomy for meconium plug syndrome in preterm infants.
METHODS
Fifty-three preterm infants who were diagnosed with meconium plug syndrome among the neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from March 2008 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Four-teen infants among the 53 infants were excluded and Thirty-nine infants were analyzed. That time were divided into Period I and Period II. There was no pediatric radiologist and we couldn't try contrast enema in Period I. Pediatric radiologist was appointed and ultrasound guided contrast enema has been available in Period II.
RESULTS
There were no specific differences of demographic characters between both Periods. Invasive procedure including contrast enema was increased in Period II than Period I (81% vs. 42%; P<0.05) and there were more exploratory laparotomy in Period I than in Period II (42% vs. 7%; P<0.05). Complications after treatment of meconium plug syndrome were more frequent in exploratory laparotomy groups than in ultrasound-guided contrast enema (57% vs. 0%; P<0.05) and total parenteral nutrition days were longer in laparotomy groups than in contrast enema groups (61±30 days vs. 31±13 days; P<0.05).
CONCLUSION
We suggest that ultrasound-guided contrast enema with hyperosmolar water-soluble contrast is more therapeutic and safe therapy than exploratory laparotomy for meconium plug syndrome.

Keyword

Meconium; Contrast enema; Premature infant

MeSH Terms

Enema*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care, Neonatal
Laparotomy
Meconium*
Parenteral Nutrition, Total
Retrospective Studies
Seoul
Ultrasonography
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