J Korean Diabetes.  2011 Jun;12(2):88-94. 10.4093/jkd.2011.12.2.88.

Surgical Treatment of Diabetic Foot Disease

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National Univesity Hospital, Seoul, Korea. leedy@snu.ac.kr


Diabetic foot diseases which require surgical treatment consists of diabetic foot ulcer, infection and neuropathic arthropathy. Surgical procedures for diabetic foot ulcers and infections such as drainage, debridement, partial foot amputation and major limb amputation are most common procedures and arthodesis with or without deformity correction can be performed for specific diabetic neuropathic arthropathies. Underlying pathomechanism of diabetic foot disease includes diabetic peripheral neuropathy and vasculopathy. Treating physicians should be aware that concomitant complications of long-standing diabetic status such as cardiovascular and renal dysfunction should be addressed to treat intractable diabetic foot diseases successfully. However, with advent of adjuvant treatment which increases vascular supply on ischemic limb disease, proper surgical treatment on diabetic foot disease can prevent or delay major limb amputations, sustaining functional capability of diabetic patients.


Diabetic foot disease; Ulcer; Infection; Neuropathic arthropathy; Debridment; Partial foot amputation; Major limb amputation

MeSH Terms

Congenital Abnormalities
Diabetic Foot
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases


  • Fig. 1. Severe diabetic foot disease with infection was treated surgically by repeated debriment, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and partial thickness split skin graft. (A) Debridment of severe diabetic foot disease with intractable infection. (B) Induction of healthy granulation tissue using NPWT. (C) Reconstruction of skin defect using split thickness skin graft after complete infection control.

  • Fig. 2. Amputations around foot and ankle.

  • Fig. 3. Major amputations of lower limb.

  • Fig. 4. Case of diabetic arthropathic patient. (A) Severe bone destruction and resorption due to diabetic neuropathic arthropathy. Usually patients complain lesser degree of pain than nonneuropathic arthritic patients because of neuropathy. (B) We achieved successful ankle fusion by stable fixation of ankle joint and addition of autogenous bone graft.

Cited by  1 articles

Diagnosis and Management of Diabetic Foot
Chang Won Lee
J Korean Diabetes. 2018;19(3):168-174.    doi: 10.4093/jkd.2018.19.3.168.


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