Hanyang Med Rev.  2015 Nov;35(4):236-241. 10.7599/hmr.2015.35.4.236.

Adult Stem Cell Therapy in Chronic Liver Diseases

Affiliations
  • 1Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering Center, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. baiksk@yonsei.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Abstract

The transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represents a potentially effective therapy for chronic liver diseases. The potential of MSCs in the treatment of chronic liver disease is based on their ability to differentiate into multiple cell types including hepatocytes, their immunosuppressive properties, and their ability to secrete various trophic factors. This potential has been investigated in clinical and pre-clinical studies. Although the therapeutic mechanisms of MSC transplantation are still not fully characterized, accumulating evidence has revealed that various trophic factors secreted by MSCs play key therapeutic roles in regeneration. These trophic factors not only reduce inflammation, apoptosis, and fibrosis in damaged tissues but also stimulate angiogenesis and tissue regeneration in the impaired liver. In this review, we summarize the basic and therapeutic properties of MSCs, their therapeutic mechanisms of action, and potential transplantation routes for the treatment of chronic liver disease. We also discuss several risks associated with the use of MSCs in therapy, such as their fibrogenic potential and capacity to promote pre-existing tumor cell growth.

Keyword

Mesenchymal Stromal Cells; End Stage Liver Disease; Cell Transplantation; Liver Regeneration

MeSH Terms

Adult Stem Cells*
Adult*
Apoptosis
Cell Transplantation
End Stage Liver Disease
Fibrosis
Hepatocytes
Humans
Inflammation
Liver Diseases*
Liver Regeneration
Liver*
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Regeneration
Full Text Links
  • HMR
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr