Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2002 Oct;45(10):1827-1834.

A Clinical Evaluation of Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Women

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dae Rim Saint Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common causative microorganisms in pelvic inflammatory disease. The symptom of Chlamydia infection is nearly absent or weak in many cases, but its complication is clinically very important because of tubal obstruction, infertility, tubal pregnancy, and recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence rate and clinical characteristics of Chlamydia trachomatis.
METHODS
From May, 2001 to April, 2002, in Daerim St. Mary's Hospital, OB-Gyn department, the 68 inpatients of pelvic inflammatory diseases and 607 outpatients of routine gynecologic examination were studied on history taking, physical examination, laboratory test, and polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis.
RESULTS
The prevalence rate of Chlamydia trachomatis was 20.6% (14/68) in pelvic inflammatory disease and 8.6% (51/593) in routine gynecologic examination. As regarding the age distribution of Chlamydia trachomatis positive group was the largest portion in the twenties, and symptom-free group was about 40%. Chlamydia infection was related to the history of artificial abortion, and showed no significant difference in parity. Most common site of infection was uterine cervix, and mixed infection rate with other bacteria was 43.1%. The treatments were given medically in 58 cases, surgically in 6 cases, and laparoscopy in 1 case were performed.
CONCLUSION
Although the prevalence rate of Chlamydia infection is high in sexually active age group and Chlamydia infection has a serious bad effect on reproduction, the disease detection is difficult because symptom is weak or absent, but it reveals good cure rate. Therefore the screening and treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis are necessary to decrease the prevalence and prevention of complication.

Keyword

Chlamydia trachomatis; Polymerase chain reaction; Pelvic inflammatory disease
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