Korean J Perinatol.  2002 Mar;13(1):56-61.

A Case of Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome that Could be Diagnosed by Antenatal Care

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Pocheon CHA University, Pocheon, Korea.

Abstract

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome(BWS) is a group of disorders having in common coexistence of a macrosomia, macroglossia, abdominal wall defects, visceromegaly, hypoglycemia in the neonatal period and embryonal cancers of infancy and early childhood. Beckwith-Wiedemann first reported this distinct clinical entity, and about 200cases have subsequently been reported. Etiology is usually sporadic. BWS is a multigenic disorder with dysregulation of the expression of imprinted genes involved in growth and cell cycle control in the 11p15.5 chromosomal region. Placental endocrine dysfunction leading to increased levels of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factors would causes the visceromegaly. Early visceromegaly may pedispose to omphalocele, malrotation anomalies, and diaphragmatic herniation. Detection and treatment of hypoglycemia in any neonate with features of this syndrome are critical. The frequency of hypoglycemia in this population is between 30 and 50%. The majority of infants with hypoglycemia will be asymptomatic and have resolution of the hypoglycemia within the first 3 days of life. Less than 5% of infoots will have hypoglycemia beyound neonatal period one requive either continous feeding or a partial pancreatectomy. We have experienced and case of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome so that we report with brief review of the concerned literature.

Keyword

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

MeSH Terms

Abdominal Wall
Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome*
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Growth Hormone
Hernia, Umbilical
Humans
Hypoglycemia
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Macroglossia
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Pancreatectomy
Somatomedins
Growth Hormone
Somatomedins
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