Korean J Oral Maxillofac Radiol.  2009 Sep;39(3):121-132.

Effects of 2-deoxy-D-glucose and quercetin on the gene expression of bone sialoprotein and osteocalcin during the differentiation in irradiated MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, and Institute of Oral Bioscience, Chonbuk National University, Jeonbuk, Korea. kkj1512@chonbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the effects of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) and quercetin (QCT) on gene expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteocalcin (OC) during the differentiation in irradiated MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
When MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells had reached 70-80% confluence, cultures were transferred to a differentiating medium supplemented with 5 mM 2-DG or 10 micrometer QCT, and then irradiated with 2, 4, 6, and 8 Gy. At various times after irradiation, the cells were analyzed for the synthesis of type I collagen, and expression of BSP and OC. RESULTS: The synthesis of type I collagen in cells exposed to 2 Gy of radiation in the presence of 2-DG or QCT showed no significant difference compared with the control group within 15 days post-irradiation. When the cells were irradiated with 8 Gy, 2-DG facilitated the irradiation mediated decrease of type I collagen synthesis, whereas such decrease was inhibited by treating with QCT. During MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cell differentiation, the mRNA expression of BSP and OC showed the peak value at 14 days and 21 days, respectively. 2-DG or QCT treatment alone decreased the level of BSP mRNA, but increased the OC mRNA level only at early time of differentiation (day 7). In the cells irradiated with 2, 4, 8 Gy, the mRNA expression of BSP and OC decreased at 7 days after the irradiation. The cells were treated with various dose of radiation in the presence of 2-DG or QCT, the mRNA level of both BSP and OC increased although this increase was observed at low dose of radiation (2 Gy) and at the early stage of differentiation. However, when the cells were exposed to 4, 6, or 8 Gy, the increase of BSP and OC mRNAs was detected only in cells co-incubated with QCT.
CONCLUSION
This study demonstrates that 2-DG and QCT affect differently the expression of bone formation related factors, type I collagen, BSP, and OC in the irradiated MC3T3-E1 osteoblasic cells, according to the dose of radiation and the times of differentiation. Overall, the present findings suggest that 2-DG and QCT could have the regulatory roles as radiation-sensitizer and -protector, respectively.

Keyword

2-deoxy-D-glucose; Quercetin; MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells; Irradiation

MeSH Terms

Cell Differentiation
Collagen Type I
Deoxyglucose
Gene Expression
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Osteoblasts
Osteocalcin
Osteogenesis
Quercetin
RNA, Messenger
Collagen Type I
Deoxyglucose
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Osteocalcin
Quercetin
RNA, Messenger
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