J Korean Soc Coloproctol.  2002 Aug;18(4):240-245.

Therapeutic Results of Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery and Radical Surgery for T1, T2 Rectal Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.hkchun@smc.samsung.co.kr
  • 2Gastrointestinal Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) has gained increasing acceptance as a treatment of choice for early rectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of TEM and radical surgery in patients with T1 and T2 rectal cancer.
METHODS
From October 1994 to December 2000, 74 patients with T1 and T2 rectal adenocarcinoma treated with TEM were compared with 100 patients with T1N0M0 and T2N0M0 rectal adenocarcinoma treated with radical surgery. Retrospective analysis was made regarding to recurrence and survival rate. Neither group received adjuvant chemo-radiation. There was no significant difference in age, gender, tumor location and follow-up period between two groups, except tumor size.
RESULTS
Of 74 patients in TEM group, 52 patients were T1 (70.3%) and 22 patients were T2 (29.7%). Of 100 patients in radical surgery group, 17 patients were T1 (17.0%) and 83 patients were T2 (83.0%). Five-year local recurrence rates were 4.1% for T1, 19.5% for T2 after TEM, 0% for T1 and 9.4% for T2 after radical surgery. There was no statistical difference between T1 rectal cancer (P=0.95), but in T2 rectal cancer, it was higher after TEM than after radical surgery (P=0.04). Five-year disease free survival rates showed no statistical difference between two groups (TEM group: 95.9% for T1, 80.5% for T2, radical surgery group: 94.1% for T1, 83.3%for T2; P=0.35, P=0.12). Five-year survival rate were 100% for T1, 94.7% for T2 after TEM and 92.9% for T1, 96.1% for T2 after radical surgery. There were no significant statistical difference between two groups (P=0.07, P=0.48).
CONCLUSIONS
In T1 rectal cancer, there were no difference in recurrence and five-year survival rate between TEM and radical surgery group. In T2 rectal cancer, five-year survival rate showed no statistical difference between two groups, but TEM carried higher risk of local recurrence. Therefore careful selection of the patients is required for TEM and when proper muscle invasion is proven after TEM, further treatment should be considered.

Keyword

Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM); Radical surgery; T1; T2 Rectal cancer

MeSH Terms

Adenocarcinoma
Disease-Free Survival
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Microsurgery*
Rectal Neoplasms*
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
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