J Korean Neurotraumatol Soc.  2009 Jun;5(1):11-15. 10.13004/jknts.2009.5.1.11.

Traumatic Acute Epidural Hematoma in Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwnag University College of Medicine, Iksan, Korea. kseom@wonkwang.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of acute epidural hematoma (AEDH) in children and to report our experience in recent years.
METHODS
A series of 48 patients below the age of 15 years treated for AEDH at our institution between August 1999 and August 2008 was analyzed in detail. All patients were divided into three groups according to age to identify any age-dependent clinical characteristics. Group A comprised 7 infants aged 0 to 3 years, group B 28 children aged 4 to 9 years, and group C 13 children aged 10 to 15 years. We reviewed retrospectively medical records and analyzed clinical status and radiological findings including age, causes of injury, initial Glasgow coma scale (GCS) or Modified GCS, location of hematoma, conservative or surgical treatment, and Glasgow outcome scale (GOS).
RESULTS
Thirty-two patients were male and 16 patients were female. The most frequent cause of trauma was pedestrian car accident, followed by fall, and slip. Initial GCS was mild (13-15) in 39 children, moderate (9-12) in 5, and severe head trauma (3-8) in 4. The location of the hematoma was frontal in 11 children, parieto-occipital in 23, temporal in 8, and posterior cranial fossa in 6. There was statistically significant correlation between initial GCS and GOS (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION
Pediatric AEDH presents both age related and atypical features when compared with AEDH in adults. In selected cases, prompt surgical evacuation of the hematoma results in an excellent outcome. Operative treatment of AEDH has few difficulties for a surgeon with neurosurgical training. The outcome was found to be predominantly affected by the initial neurological status.

Keyword

Children; Acute epidural hematoma; Head trauma

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged
Child
Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Craniocerebral Trauma
Female
Glasgow Coma Scale
Glasgow Outcome Scale
Hematoma
Humans
Infant
Male
Medical Records
Retrospective Studies
Full Text Links
  • JKNTS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error