J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2011 Jan;49(1):57-64. 10.4047/jkap.2011.49.1.57.

The efficacy of denture cleansing agents: A scanning electron microscopic study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea. cmjeong@puasn.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to compare the cleansing performance of a distilled water, a diluted solution of sodium hypochlorite as a household bleaching cleanser and three alkaline peroxide cleansers in vivo plaque deposits by using scanning electron microscope.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Five individuals were selected from department of the prosthodontics in Pusan National University Hospital, and each of them was inserted with specimens for plaque accumulation in their temporary dentures for 48 hours. The specimens were removed and cleaned by each cleansing agents for 8 hours. Scanning electron micrographs were made from the specimens at a magnification of x2,000. A panel of ten persons with a dental or paradental background, but not directly involved in the study, was selected to analyze the photomicrographs to determine which denture cleanser was more effective in removing plaque.
RESULTS
Diluted solution of sodium hypochlorite was the most effective at removing plaque following Polident(R), Cleadent(R)e, Bonyplus(R) and distilled water in order. But there was no significant difference of cleansing efficacy between diluted solution of sodium hypochlorite and Polident(R), Polident(R) and Cleadent(R)e, Cleadent(R)e and Bonyplus(R), respectively (P > .05). Alkaline peroxide cleansers by themselves cannot adequately remove accumulated plaque deposits, especially if the deposits are heavy. Corrosion could be seen on the surface of non-precious alloy specimens immersed in diluted solution of sodium hypochlorite.
CONCLUSION
It is recommended to use of alkaline peroxide type cleansers with brushing whenever possible, since denture cleanliness is often poor due to the relative inefficiency of these cleansers.

Keyword

Plaque; Denture cleansing agent; Sodium hypochlorite; Alkaline peroxide; Scanning electron microscope

MeSH Terms

Alloys
Corrosion
Denture Cleansers
Dentures
Detergents
Electrons
Family Characteristics
Humans
Prosthodontics
Sodium
Sodium Hypochlorite
Water
Alloys
Denture Cleansers
Detergents
Sodium
Sodium Hypochlorite
Water
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