Cancer Res Treat.  2002 Feb;34(1):23-27.

A Phase II Study with Gemcitabine and Carboplatin in Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Veterans Hospital, Seoul, Korea. seog@netsgo.com

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine and carboplatin (GC) in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Between November 1999 and April 2001, 34 patients were enrolled in this study. The median age was 66 (range: 52-74) years old and all were male. Sixteen patients demonstrated stage IIIB, 15 stage IV, and 3 recurrence of disease after surgery. Twenty-two patients showed a ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 and 12 had 2. Twenty patients presented with squamous cell carcinoma, 11 adenocarcinoma and 3 unclassified NSCLC. The treatment regimen consisted of intravenous carboplatin AUC of 6 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2 on day 1 and 8. The treatment was repeated every 28 days. Toxicities were evaluated according to WHO toxicity criteria.
RESULTS
All thirty-four patients were evaluable. Partia responses were observed in 15 patients. The overall response rate was 44% (95% confidence interval: 27-61%) and the median response duration was 26 (range 8-60 ) weeks. The median survival of all patients was 50 (range 8-70 ) weeks. During a total of 144 cycles, granulocytopenia greater than WHO grade 2 occurred in 2%, thrombocytopenia in 2%, and anemia in 3%, respectively. Non- hematologic toxicities were minor and easily controlled.
CONCLUSION
A combination chemotherapy of intravenous gemcitabine and carboplatin has a relatively high activity with acceptable toxicities in patients with advanced NSCLC.

Keyword

Non-small cell lung cancer; Combination chemotherapy; Gemcitabine; Carboplatin

MeSH Terms

Adenocarcinoma
Agranulocytosis
Anemia
Area Under Curve
Carboplatin*
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung*
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Drug Therapy, Combination
Humans
Lung Neoplasms
Male
Recurrence
Thrombocytopenia
Carboplatin
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