Korean J Gastrointest Motil.  1998 Nov;4(2):112-117.

Various causes of dyspepsia: to determine organic and functional cause of dyspepsia

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Samsung Medical Center College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dyspepsia is very common in the community. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of various causes of dyspepsia.
METHODS
Two hundreds nine patient with dyspepsia were investigated. Basic laboratory screening, ECG, Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or upper gastrointestinal barium study, upper abdominal ultrasound were performed in every dyspeptic patients.
RESULTS
Functional dyspepsia was the cause of symptoms in 92.3%, peptic ulcer in 2.9% (duodenal ulcer in five patients, gastric ulcer in one patient), reflux esophagitis in 0.5%, esophageal ulcer in 0.5%. Of dyspeptic patients, gallstone was found in 1.4%, gastric submucosal tumor in 1.0%, fatty liver in 1.9% (two of four patients with fatty liver had elevated transaminase), upper gastrointestinal cancer in 0%. Of functional dyspepsia patients, women was 60.3%, men was 39.7%.
CONCLUSIONS
The most common cause of dyspepsia was functional dyspepsia. Various causes of organic dyspepsia was peptic ulcer, reflux esophagitis, and esophageal ulcer.

Keyword

Dyspepsia; Functional dyspepsia; Cause

MeSH Terms

Barium
Dyspepsia*
Electrocardiography
Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
Esophagitis, Peptic
Fatty Liver
Female
Gallstones
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Peptic Ulcer
Stomach Ulcer
Ulcer
Ultrasonography
Barium
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