Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  1998 Jan;41(1):7-12.

Acoustic Reflex Facilitation with Various Frequencies and Amplitudes of Pure Tone

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are several methods for lowering the acoustic reflex hreshold, a process known as "facilitaion". The most popular facilitation method is the simultaneous stimulation of a high-frequency tone (facilitator) with a reflex-elicing tone (activator). This study was performed in order to analyze and generalize the facilitation phenomenon, and infer clinical applications from this phenomenon.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Authors measured the acoustic reflex thresholds when the facilitators of various amplitudes and frequencies was simultaneously stimulated in normal population. Also, the effects of facilitation was observed on the growth function curve (a curve showing the acoustic reflex pattern in subthreshold and suprathreshold stimulation).
RESULTS
Facilitation was observed more effectively by using facilitators of high frequencies and high amplitudes. In the analysis of growth function curve, we found similar result as above. But there was no correlation between the frequency of activator and the mode of facilitation.
CONCLUSION
We analyzed the factors affecting the phneomenon of facilitation and discussed a several proposals explaining the different tendencies of facilitation. Further studies should be made on the clinical implication of this phenomenon to sensorineurally hearing-impaired patients or children.

Keyword

Acoustic reflex; Facilitation

MeSH Terms

Acoustics*
Child
Humans
Reflex, Acoustic*
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