Korean J Oral Maxillofac Radiol.  2001 Sep;31(3):165-173.

Absorbed and effective dose from spiral and computed tomography for the dental implant planning

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea. dkkim@anseo.dankook.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the absorbed and effective doses of spiral and computed tomography for the dental implant planning.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
For radiographic projection, TLD chips were placed in 22 sites of humanoid phantom to record the exposure to skin and the mean absorbed dose to bone marrow, thyroid, pituitary, parotid and submandibular glands and nesophagus. Effective dose was calculated, using the method suggested by Frederiksen et al.. Patient situations of a single tooth gap in upper and lower midline region, edentulous maxilla and mandible were simulated for spiral tomography. 35 axial slices (maxilla) and 40 axial slices (mandible) with low and standard dose setting were used for computed tomography. All the radiographic procedures were repeated three times.
RESULTS
The mean effective dose in case of maxilla was 0.865 mSv, 0.452 mSv, 0.136 mSv and 0.025 mSv, in spiral tomography of complete edentulous maxilla, computed tomography with standard mAs, computed tomography with low mAs and spiral tomography of a single tooth gap (p<0.05). That in case of mandible was 0.614 mSv, 0.448 mSv, 0.137 mSv and 0.036 mSv, in spiral tomography of complete edentulous mandible, computed tomography with standard mAs, computed tomography with low mAs and spiral tomography of a single tooth gap (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
Based on these results, it can be concluded that low mAs computed tomography is recommended instead of spiral tomography for the complete edentulous maxilla and mandible dental implant treatment planning.

Keyword

tomography; X-ray; tomography; X-ray computed; dental implants; radiation dosage

MeSH Terms

Bone Marrow
Dental Implants*
Humans
Mandible
Maxilla
Radiation Dosage
Skin
Submandibular Gland
Thyroid Gland
Tooth
Dental Implants
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