Dement Neurocogn Disord.  2014 Sep;13(3):74-78. 10.12779/dnd.2014.13.3.74.

Neuropsychological Characteristics of Wandering in Patients with Drug-naive Alzheimer's Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Seoul Veterans Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Neurology, Hyoja Geriatric Hospital, Yongin, Korea. kwakdr@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Wandering represents one of a major problem occurring in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). To find the disproportionate neuropsychological deficit and behavioral psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) of AD patients with wandering compared to AD patients without wandering, this study examined the set of neuropsychological tests and caregiver-administered neuropsychiatric inventory (CGA-NPI).
METHODS
Psychotropic-naive (drug-naive) probable AD patients with wandering (64) and without wondering (278) were assessed with the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery, which included measures of memory, intelligence, and executive functioning.
RESULTS
Patients with wandering had lower scores in the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure copy, Fist-edge-palm, Alternating hand movement tests compared to patients without wandering. The degree of wandering in AD patients was significantly related with CGA-NPI subdomains of aggression, disinhibition, depression, and delusions.
CONCLUSION
This study showed that 1) AD patients with wandering have disproportionately cognitive deficit suggesting frontal and right parietal dysfunctions, 2) wanderings are related with specific BPSD. Considering these results, AD patients with wandering may have specific neuronal anatomic substrates related with pathology of Alzheimer.

Keyword

Wandering; Alzheimer; Neuropsycholigical deficit; Drug-naive

MeSH Terms

Aggression
Alzheimer Disease*
Delusions
Dementia
Depression
Hand
Humans
Intelligence
Mass Screening
Memory
Neurons
Neuropsychological Tests
Pathology
Rabeprazole
Seoul
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