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Determining the Neurocognitive Status and the Functional Ability of Patients to Screen for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)

Agarwal R, Aujla RS, Gupta A, Kumar M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To adequately evaluate the extent of neurocognitive impairment in patient living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), a battery of neuropsychological tests is typically administered which are neither...
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Connecting the dots between SHP2 and glutamate receptors

Ryu HH, Kim SY, Lee YS

SHP2 is an unusual protein phosphatase that functions as an activator for several signaling pathways, including the RAS pathway, while most other phosphatases suppress their downstream signaling cascades. The physiological...
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Re-defining T-Cell Exhaustion: Subset, Function, and Regulation

Im SJ, Ha SJ

Acute viral infection or vaccination generates highly functional memory CD8 T cells following the Ag resolution. In contrast, persistent antigenic stimulation in chronic viral infection and cancer leads to a...
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Reliability and Validity of a Short Form of the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire-Cognition

Kim A, Kim S, Park KW, Park KH, Youn YC, Lee DW, Lee JY, Lee JH, Jeong JH, Choi SH, Han HJ, Kim S, Na S, Park M, Yim HW, Yang DW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the reliability and validity of a short form of the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire-Cognition (KDSQ-C) as a screening tool for cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: This...
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Coexistence of Cerebral Microbleeds and Amyloid Pathology in Patients with Cognitive Complaints

Lim EY, Ryu SY, Shim YS, Yang DW, Cho AH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of amyloid positivity and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in subjects with cognitive complaints with the aim of identifying differences in clinical parameters and cognitive...
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Predictors of the Response to an Epidural Blood Patch in Patients with Spinal Leakage of Cerebrospinal Fluid

Kanno H, Yoshizumi , Nakazato N, Shinonaga

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An epidural blood patch (EBP) is a highly effective therapy for spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. However, the factors predicting the response to an EBP have not...
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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

Ye JY, Li L, Hao QM, Qin Y, Ma CS

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Neuroprotective potential of imatinib in global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury: possible role of Janus-activated kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and connexin 43

Wang J, Bai T, Wang N, Li H, Guo X

The present study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective role of imatinib in global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury along with possible mechanisms. Global ischemia was induced in mice by bilateral carotid...
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Development and Validation of the Full Version of Story Memory in the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination, 2nd Edition: Expanded Version (K-MMSE-2: EV)

Song M, Lee SH, Yu KH, Kang Y

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Korean version of Story Memory (SM) in the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination, 2nd Edition: Expanded Version (K-MMSE-2: EV) was developed. Based on the SM, we additionally...
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The Cortical Neuroanatomy Related to Specific Neuropsychological Deficits in Alzheimer's Continuum

Kang SH, Park YH, Lee D, Kim JP, Chin J, Ahn Y, Park SB, Kim HJ, Jang H, Jung YH, Kim J, Lee J, Kim JS, Cheon BK, Hahn A, Lee H, Na DL, Kim YJ, Seo SW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Alzheimer's continuum (a comprehensive of preclinical Alzheimer's disease [AD], mild cognitive impairment [MCI] due to AD, and AD dementia), cognitive dysfunctions are often related to cortical...
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Cognitive dysfunctions in individuals with diabetes mellitus

Kim HG

Some patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) present with cognitive dysfunctions. The pathophysiology underlying this complication is not well understood. Type 1 DM has been associated...
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Medical student's perception to different types of set induction in anatomy lectures

Narayanan , Shankar N, Ananthy V

Set induction refers to the process of using a thought-provoking statement, interesting fact, or an audio-visual stimulus at the beginning of lecture to gain student's attention and give an overview...
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Changes of Cognitive Function and Fatigue following Chemotherapy in Patients with Gastrointestinal Cancer: A Prospective Controlled Study

Oh PJ, Moon SM

PURPOSE: This study was to identify changes in cognitive function and fatigue following chemotherapy in patients with stomach or colorectal cancer. METHODS: Of the participants, 67 underwent adjuvant chemotherapy, while 66...
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Cognition enhancing effect of panax ginseng in Korean volunteers with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Park KC, Jin H, Zheng R, Kim S, Lee SE, Kim BH, Yim SV

This study aimed to investigate the cognition-enhancing effect of Panax ginseng. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to address the cognition-enhancing effects of Panax ginseng. A total of...
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Bilateral Thalamic Glioma in a Young Woman: a Case Report

Kwon N, Kim HS

Bilateral thalamic gliomas (BTGs) are rare brain tumors. In general, the prognosis is poor because of the involvement of bilateral thalami and limitations of surgical excision. Consequently, patients with symptoms...
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Spatial Learning and Motor Deficits in Vacuolar Protein Sorting-associated Protein 13b (Vps13b) Mutant Mouse

Kim MJ, Lee RU, Oh J, Choi JE, Kim H, Lee K, Hwang SK, Lee JH, Lee JA, Kaang BK, Lim CS, Lee YS

Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 13B (VPS13B), also known as COH1, is one of the VPS13 family members which is involved in transmembrane transport, Golgi integrity, and neuritogenesis. Mutations in the...
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Influence of Short- and Long-term High-dose Caffeine Administration on Behavior in an Animal Model of Adolescence

Park JM, Kim Y, Kim H, Kim YJ

PURPOSE: Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychostimulant of the methylxanthine class. Among adolescents, high-dose of caffeine consumption has increased rapidly over the last few decades due to the introduction...
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Levels of Salivary Sialic Acid in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder; Could It Be Related to Stereotypes and Hyperactivity?

Demirci E, Guler Y, Ozmen S, Canpolat M, Kumandas S

OBJECTIVE: Sialic acid (Sia) is an essential nutrient for brain development, learning, memory and cognition and plays a role in neurodevelopment of infants. The aim of this study was to...
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Long-term Effects of Aripiprazole Treatment during Adolescence on Cognitive Function and Dopamine D2 Receptor Expression in Neurodevelopmentally Normal Rats

Choi HJ, Im SJ, Park HR, Park S, Kim CE, Ryu S

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of aripiprazole treatment during adolescence on behavior, cognitive function, and dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) expression in adult rats. METHODS: Adolescent male Sprague-Dawley...
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