J Korean Med Sci.  2006 Dec;21(6):1041-1047. 10.3346/jkms.2006.21.6.1041.

Analysis of Endoscopic Electronic Image of Intramucosal Gastric Carcinoma Using a Software Program for Calculating Hemoglobin Index

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine, 1-10 Ami-dong, Seo-gu, Busan, Korea. gasong@pusan.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Pathology, Pusan National University College of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Korea.
  • 3School of Computer Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
  • 4Department of Computer Engineering, Silla University, Busan, Korea.


Hemoglobin is the predominent pigment in the gastrointestinal mucosa, and the development of electronic endoscopy has made it possible to quantitatively measure the mucosal hemoglobin volume, by using a hemoglobin index (IHb). The aims of this study were to make a software program to calculate the IHb and then to investigate whether the mucosal IHb determined from the electronic endoscopic data is a useful marker for evaluating the color of intramucosal gastric carcinoma with regard to its value for discriminating between the histologic types. We made a software program for calculating the IHb in the endoscopic images. By using this program, the mean values of the IHb for the carcinoma (IHb-C) and those of the IHb for the surrounding non-cancerous mucosa (IHb-N) were calculated in 75 intestinal-type and 34 diffuse-type intramucosal gastric carcinomas. We then analyzed the ratio of the IHb-C to the IHb-N (C/N ratio). The C/N ratio in the intestinal-type carcinoma group was higher than that in the diffuse-type carcinoma group (p<0.001). In the diffuse-type carcinoma group, the C/N ratio in the body was lower than that in the antrum (p=0.022). The accuracy rate, sensitivity, specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values for the differential diagnosis of the diffuse-type carcinoma from the intestinal-type carcinoma were 94.5%, 94.1%, 94.7%, 88.9% and 97.3%, respectively. IHb is useful for making quantitative measurement of the endoscopic color in the intramucosal gastric carcinoma, and the C/N ratio by using the IHb would be helpful for distinguishing the diffuse-type carcinoma from the intestinal-type carcinoma.


Stomach Neoplasms; Hemoglobin Index; Software; Software Validation; Endoscopy; Image, Endoscopy

MeSH Terms

Tumor Markers, Biological/*analysis
Stomach Neoplasms/classification/*diagnosis
Sensitivity and Specificity
Reproducibility of Results
Neoplasm Proteins/analysis
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/*methods
Gastric Mucosa/metabolism/*pathology
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