J Prev Med Public Health.  2013 Nov;46(6):293-299.

The Economic Burden of Epilepsy in Korea, 2010

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. yoonsj02@korea.ac.kr
  • 2Graduate School of Public Health, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of epilepsy and to estimate the cost of epilepsy in Korea, 2010.
METHODS
This study used a prevalence based approach to calculate the cost of epilepsy. Claims data from the Korean national health insurance and data from the Korea health panel, the Korea National Statistical Office's records of causes of death, and labor statistics were used to estimate the cost of epilepsy. Patients were defined as those who were hospitalized or visited an outpatient clinic during 2010 with a diagnosis of epilepsy (International Classification of Diseases 10th revision codes G40-G41). Total costs of epilepsy included direct medical costs, direct non-medical cost and indirect costs.
RESULTS
The annual prevalence of treated epilepsy was 228 per 100 000 population, and higher in men. The age-specific prevalence was highest for teenagers. The total economic burden of epilepsy was 536 billion Korean won (KW). Indirect cost (304 billion KW) was 1.3 times greater than direct cost (232 billion KW). By gender, the male (347 billion KW) were more burdened than the female (189 billion KW). The estimated cost in young age younger than 20 years old was 24.5% of the total burden of epilepsy.
CONCLUSIONS
A significant portion of the economic burden of epilepsy is borne by people in young age. To reduce the economic burden of epilepsy, effective prevention and treatment strategies are needed.

Keyword

Epilepsy; Cost of illness; Prevalence

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
*Cost of Illness
Epilepsy/*economics/epidemiology
Female
Health Care Costs/*statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
National Health Programs/economics
Prevalence
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Young Adult
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