Korean J Nosocomial Infect Control.  2003 Jun;8(1):13-21.

A Pseudoepidemic of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Due to Contaminated Buffer Solution

Affiliations
  • 1Infection Control Office, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul. Korea. krpeck@samsung.co.kr
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul. Korea.
  • 3Division of Infectious Diseases, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul. Korea.

Abstract

Background: A clinician reported unusually high incidence of A. xylosoxidans isolation from aspirated tissues in outpatient clinic.
Methods
A. xylosoxidans isolates from January 2002 to June 2002 were investigated. The infection control nurse reviewed medical records and observed the procedures of tissue aspiration and culture at the clinical microbiology laboratory. Specimens were obtained for investigational cultures from dye, aspiration gun, slide alcohol sponge, tray, sink. water of sink, buffer solution, microscope, computer, and telephone.
Results
A. xyloxosidans was isolated from twenty-four patients during 6 months. None of 24 cases had any typical signs or symptoms of infections by A. xylosoxidans. Observation of tissue aspiration and culture procedure revealed that buffer solution was used for prevention of specimen drying after tissue aspiration. Culture of the buffer solution yielded a heavy growth of A. xylosoxidans from four out of ten specimens. A. xylosoxidans was not isolated from any other investigational specimens.
Conclusions
This was supposed to represent pseudoepidemic. Contaminated buffer solution was documented as the cause of this pseudoepidemic. The usage of buffer solution was stopped. During the follow-up period of 2 months, no additional A. Xylosoxidans was cultured from aspirated tissues.

Keyword

Pseudoepidemic; Alcligenes xylosoxidans; Buffer solution

MeSH Terms

Alcaligenes*
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Infection Control
Medical Records
Methods
Porifera
Telephone
Water
Water
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