Korean J Perinatol.  2009 Sep;20(3):266-272.

Three Cases of Russell-Silver Syndrome in One of Twins Conceived by In Vitro Fertilization

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. yychoi@chonnam.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Chonnam University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a main option for the infertility treatment and its major concerns are the risk of multiple pregnancy, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and congenital malformation. Russell-Silver syndrome (RS) is a congenital disorder characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation associated with inverted triangular face, clinodactyly, and asymmetry of the body. The possibility of genomic imprinting defect has been suggested because the risk of RS syndrome is increased after IVF like other imprinting defect disorders such as Angelman or Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, and the major epigenetic disturbance of RS syndrome is the hypomethylation of the imprinting in 11p15. We report three cases of RS syndrome in one of IVF twins with a review of the literature.

Keyword

In vitro fertilization; Twins; Russell-Silver syndrome; Genomic imprinting defect

MeSH Terms

Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
Epigenomics
Female
Fertilization in Vitro
Fetal Growth Retardation
Genomic Imprinting
Humans
Infertility
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Multiple
Silver-Russell Syndrome
Twins
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