Korean J Clin Microbiol.  2011 Sep;14(3):91-96. 10.5145/KJCM.2011.14.3.91.

Nationwide Survey of Blood Culture Performance Regarding Skin Disinfection, Blood Collection and Laboratory Procedures

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Paik Institute of Clinical Research, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Laboratory Medicine and Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea. sjkim8239@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Although many laboratories use automated blood culture systems, adequate skin disinfection and optimal blood volume are still critical for successful culture. The authors undertook a nationwide survey to understand the current situation and problems of blood culture in Korea.
METHODS
A survey of blood culture was performed in March and April 2010, including disinfectants, blood collection intervals, and recommended blood volumes. The laboratory physicians described the storage condition of culture bottles before delivery to the equipment. For quality control, the positive rate and skin contamination rate were studied.
RESULTS
Replies to the survey were collected from 74 Korean hospitals. Povidone iodine after either isopropyl alcohol or ethanol application was the most common means of skin disinfection. Sampling of a second set of cultures was performed simultaneously in 38% of hospitals and after a 30-min interval in 50%. The recommended blood volume was 10 mL in most cases (69%), but was 20 mL in 24% of cases. The bottles were stored at 37degrees C before installation in 23% of cases and at room temperature in 16%, whereas 57% were placed directly in the equipment during the night shift. Positive rates ranged 8-10% in 32% of hospitals, 5-8% in 23%, and <5% in 12%. Skin contamination rates were 2-3% in 32% of hospitals, 1-2% in 27%, and >3% in 13%.
CONCLUSION
Skin disinfection methods were rather variable. Sampling interval, blood volume, and storage of bottles should be standardized. More than 10% of the hospitals require quality improvement in terms of positive rate and skin contamination rates.

Keyword

Sepsis; Bacteremia; Blood culture; Contamination; Disinfection

MeSH Terms

2-Propanol
Bacteremia
Blood Volume
Disinfectants
Disinfection
Ethanol
Povidone-Iodine
Quality Control
Quality Improvement
Sepsis
Skin
2-Propanol
Disinfectants
Ethanol
Povidone-Iodine
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