Korean J Audiol.  2012 Dec;16(3):120-123. 10.7874/kja.2012.16.3.120.

Superior Canal Dehiscence Patients Have Smaller Mastoid Volume than Age- and Sex-Matched Otosclerosis and Temporal Bone Fracture Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dzness@amc.seoul.kr
  • 2Department of Otolaryngology, Konkuk University Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The purpose of the study was to compare the mastoid air-cell volume of the patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) and that of the control patients with otosclerosis and temporal bone (TB) fracture.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
Ten patients with SCDS were enrolled and 10 patients with bilateral otosclerosis and TB fracture were selected as control groups by age and sex matching. To measure the mastoid air-cell volume, 3D reconstruction software was used.
RESULTS
In 10 patients with SCDS, the mean age was 44.5 years, ranging from 16 to 79 years (M : F=4 : 6). Mean mastoid air-cell volume in the SCDS side was 3319.9 mm3, whereas 4177.2 mm3 in the normal side (p=0.022). Mean mastoid air-cell volume in the right side of otosclerosis patients was 6594.3 mm3 and it was not different from 6380.5 mm3 in the left side (p=0.445). Mean mastoid air-cell volume in normal side of TB fracture was 6477.2 mm3. The mastoid air-cell volume in the SCDS side was significantly smaller than that of otosclerosis and TB fracture patients (p=0.009, p=0.002, respectively). The mastoid air-cell volume in the normal side of SCDS was significantly smaller than that of TB fracture (p=0.019), but not significant with that of otosclerosis (p=0.063).
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings revealed that the mastoid air-cell volume in the SCDS side was significantly smaller than control group, which suggest that the decreased mastoid pneumatization is closely related to the generation of SCDS.

Keyword

Semicircular canals; Dehiscence; Mastoid; Radiology; Computed tomography

MeSH Terms

Humans
Mastoid
Otosclerosis
Semicircular Canals
Temporal Bone
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