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Serum Vitamin D and Long-term Outcomes of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Rhim GI

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of serum vitamin D concentrations on the long-term recurrence rates of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: The...
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Direction-Changing and Direction-Fixed Positional Nystagmus in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Meniere Disease

Kim CH, Shin JE, Yoo MH, Park HJ

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on...
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Can Wideband Tympanometry Be Used as a Screening Test for Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence?

Demir E, Afacan NN, Celiker M, Celiker FB, Ä°necikli , Terzi S, Dursun E

OBJECTIVES: We explored whether wideband tympanometry (WBT) could be used as a screening test for superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD), and obtained new WBT data (given that the test is...
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No Evidence of a Contribution of the Vestibular System to Frequent Falls in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Goldschagg N, Bremova-Ertl T, Bardins S, Dinca N, Feil K, Krafczyk S, Lorenzl S, Strupp M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conflicting results about vestibular function in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) prompted a systematic examination of the semicircular canal function, otolith function, and postural stability. METHODS: Sixteen patients with...
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Characteristics of Nystagmus during Attack of Vestibular Migraine

Yoon S, Kim MJ, Kim M

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate characteristics of nystagmus during attacks of vestibular migraine (VM), and to find a distinct clinical feature compared to other migraine and...
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Vestibular Rehabilitation after Traumatic Head Injury with Dizziness

Kim SK, Hong SM

The vestibular symptoms such as dizziness and imbalance that occurred after traumatic head/brain injury were caused by a combination of central factors such as abnormalities of white matter, diffuse axonal...
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Analysis of Inner Ear Anomalies in Unilateral Congenital Aural Atresia Combined With Microtia

Park E, Lee G, Jung HH, Im GJ

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of inner ear anomalies in patients with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) combined with microtia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 61...
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Visuospatial Dysfunction in Patients With the Right Vestibular Neuritis

Jeon SH, Kim KW, Shin HJ, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

Acute vestibular neuritis (VN) is characterized by acute/subacute vertigo with spontaneous nystagmus and unilateral loss of semicircular canal function. Vestibular system in human is represented in the brain bilaterally with...
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A Case of Patient with Acute Peripheral Vestibulopathy Involving Isolated Posterior Semicircular Canal

Im SK, Song MH, Gu JW, Shim DB

Down-beat nystagmus in peripheral vestibulopathy may rarely occur in selective involvement of inferior division. Diagnosis of isolated inferior vestibular neuritis is based on torsional down-beating spontaneous nystagmus, abnormal head-impulse test...
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A Case of Bilateral Semicircular Canal Dysplasia with Normal Cochlear Found in Bilateral Vestibulopathy

Lee S, Choi SW

A 25-year-old woman presented with atypical dizziness with oscillopsia. The neuro-otological evaluations showed bilateral vestibulopathy with mild sensorineural hearing loss. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral isolated lateral...
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The Value of Posterior Semicircular Canal Function in Predicting Hearing Recovery of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Shin JW, Kim SW, Kim YW, Jang W, Kim BH, Lim YS, Park SW, Cho CG, Park JH

OBJECTIVES: Postulated etiologies for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) include viral cochleitis, microvascular events. If SSNHL is caused by vascular compromise of common cochlear artery that supplies cochlea and...
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Comparison of Suppression Head Impulse and Conventional Head Impulse Test Protocols

Roh KJ, Kim JY, Son EJ

OBJECTIVES: The head impulse test paradigm (HIMP) assesses semicircular canal function by measuring compensatory saccades during head movements as an indication of an impaired vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The recently introduced...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Recurrent Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim MK, Kim HR, Jun HW, Byun HY, Chung JH, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is treated with appropriate canalith repositioning procedures, which are very effective for the treatment of BPPV. Nevertheless, the recurrence of BPPV may...
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Prevalence of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence in Coronal Images of Temporal Bone Computed Tomography and Its Diagnostic Value in Korean Population

Lee ES, Cho YT, An YH, Shim HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) in the coronal images of high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography (TBCT) and to evaluate...
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Clinical Application and Update of Video Head Impulse Test

Lee JY, Park JS, Kim MB

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical...
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A Case of Posterior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Caused by High Jugular Bulb

Choi SW, Kong SK, Goh EK, Oh SJ

Posterior semicircular canal dehiscence represents a third-window lesion manifesting as hearing loss with vestibular dysfunction. Computed tomography findings of a dehiscent posterior canal can be verified with increased vestibular evoked...
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Postprandial Dizziness/Syncope Relieved by Alfa-Glucosidase Inhibitor: A Case Report

An H, Jeong SH, Kim HJ, Sohn EH, Lee AY, Kim JM

A 74-year-old man presented with positional vertigo and prandial dizziness and syncope. He had experienced episodes of frequent dizziness and loss of consciousness for several months. He underwent total gastrectomy...
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Clinical Significance of Spontaneous Nystagmus in Horizontal Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Lee J, Chang S, Lee HY

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the clinical significance of spontaneous nystagmus (SN) in horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV). METHODS: Twenty-four patients who were diagnosed with HC-BPPV in Eulji...
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Identification of Vestibular Organ Originated Information on Spatial Memory in Mice

Han GC, Kim M, Kim MJ

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the role of vestibular input on spatial memory performance in mice that had undergone bilateral surgical labyrinthectomy, semicircular canal (SCC) occlusion and 4G hypergravity exposure. METHODS:...
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