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Vitamin D and Male Fertility: An Updated Review

Cito G, Cocci A, Micelli E, Gabutti A, Russo GI, Coccia ME, Franco G, Serni S, Carini M, Natali A

To date, the key role of vitamin D in male reproductive system has been suggested, since the expression of vitamin D receptors and metabolizing enzymes was demonstrated in the testis...
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Vitamin D Deficiency at Mid-Pregnancy Is Associated with a Higher Risk of Postpartum Glucose Intolerance in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Kim KS, Park SW, Cho YW, Kim SK

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at mid-pregnancy and postpartum glucose intolerance in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: We enrolled 348 pregnant women diagnosed with...
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Can Current Recommendations on Sun Exposure Sufficiently Increase Serum Vitamin D Level?: One-Month Randomized Clinical Trial

Lee YM, Kim SA, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Lack of sunlight exposure is the primary reason for the worldwide epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Although recommended sunlight exposure guidelines exist, there is no evidence regarding whether current...
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Association of vitamin D deficiency with clinical outcomes in critically ill Korean children

Jhang WK, Kim DH, Park SJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone that affects various body organ systems. We evaluated the prevalence of a vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and its potential role in the clinical...
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An Empirical Study on the Effect of Short-Term Regular Vitamin D3 Supplement Therapy on Blood Pressure and Exercise Tolerance in Heart Failure Patients

Hosseinzadeh F, Oskouei NJ, Ghavamzadeh S

The receptor of vitamin D is expressed in almost all body cells, including vascular endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Vitamin D deficiency has been observed widespread amongst heart failure (HF) patients,...
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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in Japanese postmenopausal women with osteoporotic fractures

Yamanaka Y, Menuki K, Zenke Y, Ikeda S, Hatakeyama E, Kawano K, Nishida S, Tanaka H, Yumisashi , Sakai A

OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin D status in postmenopausal women with osteoporotic fractures, determine its concentration by fracture site at the clinical setting, and compare the proportion of vitamin D...
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Association between High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Vitamin D Levels in Adult Men in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Jung IK

BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome had low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Moreover, vitamin D deficiency is also related to metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association between...
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Skeletal mineralization: mechanisms and diseases

Michigami

Skeletal mineralization is initiated in matrix vesicles (MVs), the small extracellular vesicles derived from osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Calcium and inorganic phosphate (Pi) taken up by MVs form hydroxyapatite crystals, which...
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Association between vitamin D deficiency and anemia among Korean adolescent girls and young women

Jang H, Park S, Park K

PURPOSE: Although vitamin D deficiency is common among Korean adolescent girls and young women, few studies have explored the potential health effects of vitamin D deficiency in this vulnerable population....
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Bone Marrow Foot Oedema in Adolescents: The Role of Vitamin D

Pieropan S, Antoniazzi F, Tadiotto E, Caldonazzi F, Maschio M, Aiello G, Melotti G, Cavarzere , Piacentini G

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow oedema (BMO) in children/adolescents is a rare clinical condition without an etiologic cause. It is associated with typical increased signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
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Primary hyperparathyroidism versus familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia: a challenging diagnostic evaluation in an adolescent female

Tosur M, Lopez ME, Paul DL

Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) have significantly different treatment approaches, so physicians must be careful to differentiate these 2 diseases. Herein, we report a 14-year-old female who...
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The Association between Low Vitamin D Status and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in Korean Premenopausal Women: The 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013–2014

Kim CY, Lee YJ, Choi JH, Lee SY, Lee HY, Jeong DH, Choi YJ

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association of low vitamin D status with thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population according to sex and menopausal status in women. METHODS:...
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The Effect of Education and Vitamin D Supplementation on the Achievement of Optimal Vitamin D Level in Korean Postmenopausal Women

Lee CJ, Kim SS, Suh WY, Kim JS, Jung JG, Yoon SJ, Seo YR, Yang HJ

BACKGROUND: Despite daily vitamin D recommendations, women with osteoporosis may not achieve optimal 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) levels. We retrospectively evaluated the effect of education and vitamin D supplementation (1,000 IU/day)...
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Is There a Difference in Serum Vitamin D Levels and Bone Mineral Density According to Body Mass Index in Young Adult Women?

Lim HS, Byun DW, Suh KI, Park HK, Kim HJ, Kim TH, Lee HH

BACKGROUND: In the life cycle, bone mineral density (BMD) is the most optimal condition in the 20s. In Korea, vitamin D deficiency status is very serious in Korean women due...
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Association of Vitamin D with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity in Pediatric Patients

Kim S, Kang Y, Park S, Koh H, Kim S

BACKGROUND: It has been known that vitamin D level (serum 25[OH]D) has correlation with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of serum 25[OH]D...
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Serum Vitamin D and Long-term Outcomes of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Rhim GI

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of serum vitamin D concentrations on the long-term recurrence rates of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: The...
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Clinical Phenotypes, Comorbidities, and Exacerbations according to Serum 25-OH Vitamin D and Plasma Fibrinogen Levels in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Hyun DG, Oh YM, Lee SW, Lee SD, Lee JS

BACKGROUND: Although vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the influence of vitamin D deficiency on COPD has not been fully established. Moreover, the...
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Congenital Analbuminemia in a Korean Male Diagnosed with Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the ALB Gene: The First Case Reported in Korea

Kim Y, Yang YS, Park SS, Kim MJ, Shin CM, Choi SH

Congenital analbuminemia (CAA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by extremely low serum levels of albumin. CAA is caused by various homozygous or heterozygous mutations of the ALB gene. Patients...
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Dietary Life, Vitamin D Status and Blood Clinical Indices of University Laboratory Workers

Hwang JH, Lee HM, Kim JH

OBJECTIVES: Although the number of laboratory workers is constantly increasing every year, few studies have been conducted on the health and nutritional status of these research workers. This study determined...
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Severe Hypocalcemia in a Patient with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

Kim K, Kim S, Na KY, Chae DW, Chin HJ

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder affecting multiple organs, including the brain, skin, lung, and kidney. Among the multiple comorbidities in TSC, bone mineral disturbances remain...
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