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Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring during Microvascular Decompression Surgery for Hemifacial Spasm

Park SK, Joo BE, Park K

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is due to the vascular compression of the facial nerve at its root exit zone (REZ). Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the facial nerve near the REZ is...
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Duplicated Internal Auditory Canal: High-Resolution CT and MRI Findings

Wang L, Zhang L, Li X, Guo X

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) features of duplicated internal auditory canals (DIACs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ear HRCT data of 64813 patients with sensorineural...
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Abducens Nerve Palsy Associated with Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome

Rha HJ, Park JH

Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is an infectious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is usually associated with facial and vestibulocochlear nerve palsy, but other cranial nerve dysfunction can be accompanied....
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Is the Auditory Brainstem Response Diagnostic for Vestibular Paroxysmia?

Lee JH, Hong SK, Kim HJ, Lee HJ

OBJECTIVES: Vestibular paroxysmia (VP) of the eighth cranial nerve is characterized by recurrent auditory and vestibular disturbances when a proximal part of the eighth cranial nerve is continuously pressed by...
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Pitfalls in the Diagnosis of Vertigo

Kim HA, Lee H

Vertigo/dizziness is a common complaint in patients who are seeking a primary health clinic. Vertigo is traditionally attributed to damage of the vestibular system. Many peripheral and central vestibular disorders...
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Cranial Polyneuropathy in Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Manifesting Severe Pharyngeal Dysphagia: a Case Report and Literature Review

Lee KM, Jeong HM, Lee HS, Kim MS

Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is characterized by herpes zoster oticus, facial nerve palsy, and vestibulocochlear symptoms. Dysphagia caused by the involvement of multiple cranial nerves (CNs) in RHS is very...
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The First Case of Vestibulocochlear Neuritis in a Patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Korea

Park HJ, Cho CS, Kim NM, Yun SA, Yoon HJ

The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections continue to increase throughout the world. Although neurologic complications are frequent in individuals with HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), vestibulocochlear...
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Microvascular Decompression for Tinnitus

Ko Y

Tinnitus had been considered a surgically incurable disease, given the failure of several treatment methods. Jannetta reported that tinnitus is one of the hyperactive diseases of the cranial nerve along...
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Vestibular Paroxysmia Mimicking Benign Parxysmal Positional Vertigo

Cho HK, Lee YW, Park SH, Nam SI

Vestibular paroxysmia is the name given to the syndrome caused by vascular compression of the vestibulocochlear nerve. The main symptoms of vestibular paroxysmia are recurrent, spontaneous, brief attacks of spinning,...
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Ruptured Total Intrameatal Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysm

Kim HC, Chang IB, Lee HK, Song JH

Among the distal anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms, a unique aneurysm at the meatal loop inside the internal auditory meatus is extremely rare. The authors report a case of...
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A Case of Recurrent and Multiple Schwannomas in the Caudal Septum

Kwak SG, Kim CD, Kim YJ, Kim SW

Schwannomas are benign neoplasms arising from the sheath of myelinated nerve fibers and may occur in any part of the body. They mostly occur in the head and neck region,...
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Meningovascular and Spinal form of Neurosyphilis Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsy, Cerebral Infarction and Meningomyelitis in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Negative-Patient: MR Imaging Features

Hong JH, Lee HY, Lim MK, Kang YH, Lee KH, Cho SG

Neurosyphilis is a rare infection of the brain and spinal cord caused by a spirochete named Treponema pallidum. We describe the magnetic resonance imaging of a 53-year-old man with syphilis...
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Acute Vestibular Neuritis Associated with Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus

Oh YC, Lee JK, Kim JM, Lee SH

Vestibular neuritis, one of common causes of acute spontaneous vertigo, is characterized by a sudden onset of vertigo with horizontal-torsional spontaneous nystagmus and unsteadiness with a falling tendency. Herpes zoster...
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Neurovascular Compression Syndrome of the Eighth Cranial Nerve: Clinical Features and Medical Treatment

Kim DH, Kim HJ, Hong SK, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurovascular compression syndrome of the eighth cranial nerve is characterized by recurrent auditory and vestibular symptoms. A detailed history and laboratory findings are important in the differential...
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Vestibular Paroxysmia in a 7-Year-Old Child

Hong SM, Choi SH, Park IS, Kim YB

  • KMID: 2316805
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2014 Mar;13(1):19-23.
Neurovascular cross-compression of the eighth cranial nerve is characterized by brief attacks of vertigo, unilateral audiologic symptoms such as tinnitus, ear fullness and hearing disturbance and relatively rare disease, in...
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Comparison of Audiovestibular Dysfunction in Patients of Acute Unilateral Peripheral Vestibulopathy with and without Vascular Risk Factors

Kim JH, Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 1736997
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2014 Dec;13(4):96-101.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Etiology of acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy (AUPV) includes virus, ischemia, and autoimmune. As anatomical distribution is similar between vasculature and innervation, AUPV with vascular risk factors could...
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Recurrent Vertigo in Vestibular Schwannoma Responsive to Oxcarbazepine

Choi JH, Kim MJ, Choi KD, Jung DS

  • KMID: 1426864
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Jun;12(2):58-61.
Vestibular schwannoma (VS) are benign neoplasms that arise from Schwann cells of the eighth cranial nerve. Although progressive unilateral hearing loss with dizziness or disequilibrium provides a high suspicion index...
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Clinical Application of 3D-FIESTA Image in Patients with Unilateral Inner Ear Symptom

Oh JH, Chung JH, Min HJ, Cho SH, Park CW, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Unilateral auditory dysfunction such as tinnitus and hearing loss could be a warning sign of a retrocochlear lesion. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) and internal auditory canal magnetic...
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Neurovascular Compression Syndrome of the Eighth Cranial Nerve

Lee HJ, Kim DH

Neurovascular compression syndrome of the eighth cranial nerve is characterized by recurrent audiologic and vestibular symptoms. The clinical presentation is the most important for diagnosing neurovascular compression syndrome of the...
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A Case of Vestibular Paroxysmia Offended by Vertebral Artery

Yu BJ, Hwang SH, Yoo DJ, Seo JH

Vestibular paroxysmia, which is caused by neurovascular cross-compression of the eighth cranial nerve, is characterized by recurrent vertiginous spells and other audiologic symptoms such as tinnitus, aural fullness and hearing...
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