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Cyanide toxicity during cardiopulmonary bypass with small dose of nitroprusside: a case report

Chung KH, Park SM, Baek IC, Jang J, Hong YW, Ahn SW

Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is an anti-hypertensive drug, commonly used to decrease the systemic vascular resistance and lower the blood pressure. When the amount of cyanide generated by the SNP exceeds...
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Naloxone Increases the Anorexic Effect of MTII in OLETF Rats

Bae JH, Park YH, Kim SH, Park SY, Kim JY, Son JY, Huh JY, Won KC, Kim YW

BACKGROUND: Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, inhibits obesity in lean subjects, but is not widely used because of leptin resistance. Thus, circumventing the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, the site responsible...
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Comparison of Intermittent Epidural Top-up Dose Injection with Continuous Epidural Infusion of Local Anesthetics for Lower Extremity Surgery

Lee DH, Key HY, Han JU

  • KMID: 1947102
  • J Korean Pain Soc.
  • 2003 Jun;16(1):73-78.
BACKGROUND: There are two methods of extending the duration of epidural anesthesia in prolonged lower extremity surgery; an intermittent top-up dosage injection and the continuous infusion of local anesthetics. An...
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Mechanism of epibatidine-induced catecholamine secretion in the rat adrenal gland

Lim DY, Lim GH, Oh SH, Kim IS, Kim IH, Woo SC, Lee BH

  • KMID: 1606949
  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2001 Jun;5(3):259-270.
The present study was attempted to investigate the characteristics of epibatidine on secretion of catecholamines (CA) from the isolated perfused model of the rat adrenal gland, and to establish the mechanism of action....
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The Effect of Erythromycin on Gastric Antrum and Low Esophageal Sphincter in the Newborn Rabbit

Choi SD, Chun CS

  • KMID: 1946271
  • J Korean Pediatr Soc.
  • 2000 Jan;43(1):34-42.
PURPOSE: We studied smooth muscle strips from rabbit gastric antrum and low esophageal sphincter (LES) to explore the difference between newborn and adult rabbit on erythromycin (EM)- induced contractions. Another...
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Mechanism of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-induced catecholamine secretion from the rat adrenal medulla

Lim DY, Heo JB, Choi CH, Lim GH, Lee YG, Oh SH, Kim IS, Kim JI

  • KMID: 2285207
  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 1998 Aug;2(4):443-454.
The present study was attempted to investigate the effect of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on secretion of catecholamines (CA) and to establish whether there is the existence of a noncholinergic mechanism in adrenomedullary...
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Effects of Dextromethorphan on the Development of Tachyphylaxis to Sciatic Nerve Blockade Induced by 2-Chloroprocaine in the Rat

Park MS, Lee KC, Kim TY

  • KMID: 2104732
  • J Korean Pain Soc.
  • 1996 Jun;9(1):39-45.
Tachyphylaxis to local anesthetics has shown to be promote longer interanalgesic intervals between injections. Previous study demonstrated thermal hyperalgesia accelerates development of tachyphylaxis to sciatic nerve blockade in rats, while...
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Influence of GABAergic Receptors on Catecholamine Secretion in the Isolated Rat Adrenal Glands

Hong SP, Lim DY, Oh JH, Choi CH, Yoo HJ, Lee JJ, Heo JB, Jang Y, Kim JH, Kang JW

BACKGROUND: The influence of gamma-aminobutyric acid(GABA), which is well-known as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in central nervous system, on secretion of catecholamines(CA) was investigated in the isolated perfused rat adrenal...
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The Effect of Low Dose Bupivacaine on Epidural Morphine Analgesia for Postoperative Pain

Ha HS, Park YC, Kim HK, Baik SW, Chung KS

  • KMID: 1946492
  • J Korean Pain Soc.
  • 1994 Nov;7(2):188-192.
Recently, epidural morphine has been administrated to decrease patients systemic stress responses such as: suffers, endocrine responses and impairment of pulmonary function, etc. Epidural morphine provided excellent analgesic effect, but...
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The Study of Continuous Infusion Rates of Sodium Nitropusside in Deliberate Hypotensive Anesthesia

Jun JH, Kim KH, Min YJ

Sodium nitroprusside(SNP) is used to induce hypotension for a wide variety of indica- tions. Ordinarily, blood pressure responds sensitively to infusion of SNP in low doses, but occasioally resistance is...
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Comparison of Administration Methods for Epidural Morphine in Postoperative Pain Control

Yang SS, Choi JH, Gang YG, Song HG, Lee SK

  • KMID: 1946542
  • J Korean Pain Soc.
  • 1993 Nov;6(2):220-223.
Administration of local anesthetics or morphine through epidural space has the effect of curbing postoperative increases in endocrine hormone. Other benefits include improving metabolic reaction and eliminating postoperative pain. However,...
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Influence of Verapamil Pretreatment on Hemodynamic Responses & Pulmonary Gas Exchange during Sodium Nitroprusside Induced Hypotension in Isoflurane-N2O Anesthetized Man

Ji JS, Kwon KS, Ha IH

Controlled hypotension induced with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been most widely used to facilitate the surgical procedure and to reduce blood loss. However, major problem with its clinical use is...
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A Clinical Effect of Pilocarpine Gel(Pilogel(R) HS) in Glaucoma: Alternative Effect of 4% Pilocarpine Solution

Moon JI, Baek NH

  • KMID: 1949297
  • J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.
  • 1989 Apr;30(2):261-266.
In order to research the clinical utility of Pilogel(R), we administered Pilogel(R) to 13 POAG(primary open angle glaucoma) patients once daily for four weeks and measured the degree of intraocular...
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The Effects of Propranolol on Hemodynamic Responaea and Intrapulmonary Shunting during Induced Hypotension with Sodium Nitroprussid in Pstiente Aneethetized with Halothane and Nitrous Oxide

Lee YG, Lee CS, Yoo KY, Ha IH

Sodium nitroprusside hart become increasingly popular as a vasodilator due to its high potency, rapid onset and reversibility. However, it has some untoward effects including cyanide toxicity, tachyphylaxis, and rebound...
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The Comparative Investigation of the Spread of Epidural Anesthesia

Ahn KR, Kim KS, Kim IK, Kim HD, Kim YS, Kim WS

  • KMID: 1932793
  • Korean J Anesthesiol.
  • 1980 Mar;13(1):58-65.
Epidural anesthesia is widely practiced for lower abdominal operation and delivery in many hospital and its complication in minimal compared with spinal anesthesia. Lidocaine has been used extensively for...
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