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In Vivo Detection of Lipid-Core Plaques by Coronary CT Angiography: A Head-to-Head Comparison with Histologic Findings

Yin WH, Zhang Y, Li XN, Wang HY, An YQ, Sun Y, Hou ZH, Gao Y, Lu B, Zheng Z

OBJECTIVE: We sought to distinguish lipid plaques using a CT quantitative pixel density histogram, based on the pathological diagnosis of lipid cores as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients...
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Bioactivity of endodontic biomaterials on dental pulp stem cells through dentin

Javid B, Panahandeh N, Torabzadeh H, Nazarian H, Parhizkar , Asgary S

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
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Recommendations for the Use of Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in the Clinical Laboratory: Part I. Implementation and Management

Lee K, Moon SY, Kim S, Choi HJ, Lee SG, Park HD, Lee SY, Song SH, Clinical Mass Spectrometry Research Committee of the Korean Society of Clinical Chemistry

Many types of assays involving mass spectrometry have been developed and applied in clinics. However, mass spectrometry has not been widely implemented yet relative to other measurement methods, including biochemical...
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Proteomic Signatures in Spermatozoa Reveal the Role of Paternal Factors in Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Mohanty G, Jena SR, Nayak J, Kar S, Samanta L

PURPOSE: To identify the paternal factors responsible for aberrant embryo development leading to loss of foetus in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) through proteomic analysis of ejaculated spermatozoa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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¹H-NMR Analysis of Metabolic Changes Induced by Snf1/AMP-Activated Protein Kinase During Environmental Stress Responses

Kim J, Oh J, Yoon DH, Sung GH

AMP-activated protein kinase sucrose non-fermenting 1 (Snf1) is a representative regulator of energy status that maintains cellular energy homeostasis. In addition, Snf1 is involved in the mediation of environmental stress...
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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Biosynthetic Pathway of Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Basidiomycetous Yeast Rhodosporidiobolus fluvialis

Bunsangiam S, Sakpuntoon V, Srisuk N, Ohashi T, Fujiyama K, Limtong S

IAA biosynthetic pathways in a basidiomycetous yeast, Rhodosporidiobolus fluvialis DMKU-CP293, were investigated. The yeast strain showed tryptophan (Trp)-dependent IAA biosynthesis when grown in tryptophan supplemented mineral salt medium. Gas chromatography–mass...
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Preparation and characterization of rutile phase TiOâ‚‚ nanoparticles and their cytocompatibility with oral cancer cells

Dong VP, Trang NT, Yoo H

In the present study, rutile phase titanium dioxide nanoparticles (R-TiO₂ NPs) were prepared by hydrolysis of titanium tetrachloride in an aqueous solution followed by calcination at 900℃. The composition of...
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Assessment of the Purity of Emodin by Quantitative Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Mass Balance

Park S, Choi YJ, Do GH, Seo EK, Hyun S, Lee D

Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) is a well-established method adopted by international pharmacopoeia for quantitative and purity analyses. Emodin is a type of anthraquinone, well known as the main active...
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In-Depth, Proteomic Analysis of Nasal Secretions from Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps

Kim YS, Han D, Kim J, Kim DW, Kim YM, Mo JH, Choi HG, Park JW, Shin HW

PURPOSE: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a complex immunological condition, and novel experimental modalities are required to explore various clinical and pathophysiological endotypes; mere evaluation of nasal polyp (NP) status is...
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Advances in the simulation of light–tissue interactions in biomedical engineering

Krasnikov , Seteikin A, Roth B

Monte Carlo (MC) simulation for light propagation in scattering and absorbing media is the gold standard for studying the interaction of light with biological tissue and has been used for...
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Preparation and Characterization of Nanocomposite Scaffolds (Collagen/β-TCP/SrO) for Bone Tissue Engineering

Goodarzi H, Hashemi-Najafabadi S, Baheiraei , Bagheri F

BACKGROUND: Nowadays, production of nanocomposite scaffolds based on natural biopolymer, bioceramic, and metal ions is a growing field of research due to the potential for bone tissue engineering applications. METHODS: In...
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Effect of intracanal medications on the interfacial properties of reparative cements

Pereira AC, Pallone MV, Marciano M, Cortellazzi KL, Frozoni M, Gomes BP, Almeida JF, Soares AJ

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide with 2% chlorhexidine gel (HCX) or distilled water (HCA) compared to triple antibiotic paste (TAP)...
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D-RADA16-RGD-Reinforced Nano-Hydroxyapatite/Polyamide 66 Ternary Biomaterial for Bone Formation

Zhao W, He B, Zhou A, Li Y, Chen X, Yang Q, Chen B, Qiao B, Jiang D

BACKGROUND: Nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 (nHA/PA66) is a composite used widely in the repair of bone defects. However, this material is insufficient bioactivity. In contrast, D-RADA16-RGD self-assembling peptide (D-RADA16-RGD sequence containing all...
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Comparison of the Plasma Metabolome Profiles Between the Internal Thoracic Artery and Ascending Aorta in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Using Gas Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Kim JS, Kim AH, Jang C, Jang IJ, Kim KB, Cho JY, Hwang HY

BACKGROUND: The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has been used as the first conduit of choice in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of excellent long-term patency and outcomes. However,...
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Preparation, characterization, and in vivo evaluation of a polymorphic form of valnemulin hydrogen tartrate

Zhu X, Xu S, Lu L, Wang S, Zhao Q, Li D, Li J, Zhao H, Xu B

We prepared a polymorphic form of valnemulin hydrogen tartrate (Form I) to overcome the instability and irritating odor of valnemulin hydrochloride that affect its use in the production and application...
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Occupational Exposure to Metals in Shooting Ranges: A Biomonitoring Study

Vandebroek E, Haufroid V, Smolders E, Hons L, Nemery B

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) exposure in shooting ranges has been reduced by various measures such as jacketed ammunition and lead-free primers. Nevertheless, this may lead to exposure to other metals, potentially...
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Evaluation of different bioimpedance methods for assessing body composition in Asian non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients

Lee SW, Ngoh CL, Chua HR, Haroon S, Wong WK, Lee EJ, Lau TW, Sethi S, Teo BW

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with fluid retention, which increases total body water (TBW) and leads to changes in intracellular water (ICW) and extracellular water (ECW). This complicates...
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Neurocognitive Functions in Infants with Malnutrition; Relation with Long-chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Micronutrients Levels and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Cakir M, Senyuva S, Kul S, Sag E, Cansu A, Yucesan FB, Yaman SO, Orem A

PURPOSE: Malnutrition may influence neurocognitive development in children by directly affecting the brain structural development, or indirectly by affecting the children's cognition experience. Malnutrition alters the cell numbers, cell migration,...
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Alendronate-Anionic Clay Nanohybrid for Enhanced Osteogenic Proliferation and Differentiation

Piao H, Kim MH, Cui M, Choi G, Choy JH

BACKGROUND: Alendronate (AL), a drug for inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone-resorption, was intercalated into an inorganic drug delivery nanovehicle, layered double hydroxide (LDH), to form a new nanohybrid, AL-LDH, with 1:1 heterostructure...
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