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Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Pyuria in Chronic Kidney Disease

Kwon YE, Oh DJ, Kim MJ, Choi HM

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic...
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Reasons and Risk Factors for Readmission Following Hospitalization for Community-acquired Pneumonia in South Korea

Jang JG, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have been performed to assess readmission following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in an Asian population. We evaluated the rates, reasons, and risk factors for 30-day readmission...
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Liver Graft Failure and Bile Cast Nephropathy

Mrzljak A, Jurekovic , Novak R, Maksimovic B, Mikulic D, Galesic Ljubanovic D

The consequences of graft failure after liver transplantation (LT) range far beyond the liver. The kidneys are often affected, where persistent and progressive cholestasis can result in acute kidney injury...
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Current Understanding of Mineral and Bone Disorders of Chronic Kidney Disease and the Scientific Grounds on the Use of Exogenous Parathyroid Hormone in Its Management

Pazianas M, Miller PD

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) disturbs mineral homeostasis leading to mineral and bone disorders (MBD). Serum calcium and phosphate (Pi) remain normal until the late stages of CKD at the expense...
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Evogliptin, a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor, Attenuates Renal Fibrosis Caused by Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction in Mice

Kim MJ, Kim NY, Jung YA, Lee S, Jung GS, Kim JG, Lee IK, Lee S, Choi YK, Park KG

Renal fibrosis is considered to be the final common outcome of chronic kidney disease. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have demonstrated protective effects against diabetic kidney disease. However, the anti-fibrotic effect...
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Metformin Treatment for Patients with Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Nephrology Consensus Statement

Hur KY, Kim MK, Ko SH, Han M, Lee DW, Kwon HS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association, Committee of the Cooperative Studies, Korean Society of Nephrology

The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Drug-induced nephrotoxicity

Bae E, Lee TW, Park DJ

Drugs are a common cause of acute and chronic kidney disease and contribute to patient morbidity and increased healthcare utilization. Drug-induced nephrotoxicity is approximately 14% to 26% in adults and...
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Cardiorenal syndrome

Kim MG

To maintain homeostasis of the cardiovascular system, the heart and kidney act bidirectionally. Therefore, acute or chronic dysfunction of one organ can cause dysfunction in the other. This phenomenon is...
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Kidney disease in patients with chronic liver disease

Chang JH

The kidneys are closely connected with several organs, including the liver, and can therefore be negatively affected when the liver is damaged. The most common cause of chronic liver disease...
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Performance Evaluation of MEDITAPE UC-11A Strip Test in Estimating the Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio and Urine Protein-to-Creatinine Ratio

Yu S, Song SA, Jun KR, Lee JN

BACKGROUND: Proteinuria, including albuminuria, is a primary or major clinical sign of kidney disease. The urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) and urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPCR) are used to screen patients with...
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Relationship between Cardiac Geometry and Serum Hepcidin in Chronic Kidney Disease: Analysis from the KNOW-CKD Study

Min HK, Oh YK, Choi KH, Lee KB, Park SK, Ahn C, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between cardiac function and geometry and serum hepcidin levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to identify the relationship between...
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Effect of Dialysis on Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Transactivating Activity in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Kim JT, Kim SH, Min HK, Jeon SJ, Sung SA, Park WH, Lee HK, Choi HS, Pak YK, Lee SY

PURPOSE: Elevated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivating (AHRT) activity and uremia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may interact with each other, further complicating the disease course. In this study, we...
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Injectable Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus: Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist

Lee I, Kang ES

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes guideline for treatment of diabetes, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) is recommended in...
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Outcomes of vascular access in hemodialysis patients: Analysis based on the Korean National Health Insurance Database from 2008 to 2016

Lee HS, Song YR, Kim JK, Joo N, Kim C, Kim HJ, Kim SG

BACKGROUND: Controversies exist whether arteriovenous fistula (AVF) placement is preferred over arteriovenous graft (AVG) for elderly patients. Current guidelines did not offer specific recommendations. Thus, this study was conducted to...
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Impact of chronic kidney disease on mortality: A nationwide cohort study

Kim KM, Oh HJ, Choi HY, Lee H, Ryu DR

BACKGROUND: Mortality is higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in the general population, but little information is available on CKD-related mortality that is representative of the Korean...
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Physicians' perceptions of asymptomatic hyperuricemia in patients with chronic kidney disease: A questionnaire survey

Cha RH, Kim SH, Bae EH, Yu M, Choi BS, Choi HY, Kang SW, Shin J, Han SY, Yang CW, Kang DH

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) as well as cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no consistent recommendation regarding the treatment of asymptomatic...
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Perirenal fat thickness is associated with metabolic risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease

D'Marco L, Salazar J, Cortez M, Salazar M, Wettel M, Lima-Martínez M, Rojas E, Roque W, Bermúdez

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue accumulation in specific body compartments has been associated with diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Perirenal fat (PRF) may lead to have direct lipotoxic effects on renal function and...
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Approximation of bicarbonate concentration using serum total carbon dioxide concentration in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease

Hirai K, Minato S, Kaneko S, Yanai K, Ishii H, Kitano T, Shindo M, Miyazawa H, Ito K, Ueda Y, Kaku Y, Hoshino T, Watano T, Fujino S, Ookawara S, Omoto K, Morishita

BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between serum total carbon dioxide (CO₂) and bicarbonate ion (HCO₃⁻) concentrations in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and devised a formula for predicting low...
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Central venous disease in hemodialysis patients

Park HS, Choi J, Baik JH

Central venous disease (CVD) is difficult to treat and often resistant to treatment. In CVD, hemodialysis vascular access should sometimes be abandoned, or in serious cases, the patient's life may...
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