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Neuroimmune interactions and kidney disease

Hasegawa S, Inoue T, Inagi R

The autonomic nervous system plays critical roles in maintaining homeostasis in humans, directly regulating inflammation by altering the activity of the immune system. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a well-studied...
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A Novel Immunomodulatory Mechanism Dependent on Acetylcholine Secreted by Human Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Yi TG, Cho YK, Lee HJ, Kim J, Jeon MS, Ham DS, Kim WC, Song SU

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used to treat autoimmune or inflammatory diseases. Our aim was to determine the immunomodulatory mechanisms elicited by MSCs during inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS:...
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Melatonin inhibits nicotinic acetylcholine receptor functions in bovine chromaffin cells

Jo SH, Lee SH, Kim KT, Choi SY

Melatonin is a neurotransmitter that modulates various physiological phenomena including regulation and maintenance of the circadian rhythm. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play an important role in oral functions including orofacial...
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Basal Forebrain Cholinergic-induced Activation of Cholecystokinin Inhibitory Neurons in the Basolateral Amygdala

Lee S, Kim JH

The basolateral amygdala (BLA) receives dense projections from cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. Acetylcholine can contributes to amygdala-dependent behaviors: formation and extinction of fear memory and appetitive instrumental learning....
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Factors that affect the onset of action of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents

Kim YB, Sung TY, Yang HS

Neuromuscular blockade plays an important role in the safe management of patient airways, surgical field improvement, and respiratory care. Rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia is indispensable to emergency surgery and obstetric...
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Differential Effects of Quercetin and Quercetin Glycosides on Human α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Ion Currents

Lee BH, Choi SH, Kim HJ, Jung SW, Hwang SH, Pyo MK, Rhim H, Kim HC, Kim HK, Lee SM, Nah SY

Quercetin is a flavonoid usually found in fruits and vegetables. Aside from its antioxidative effects, quercetin, like other flavonoids, has a various neuropharmacological actions. Quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside (Rham1), quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (Rutin), and quercetin-3-(2(G)-rhamnosylrutinoside...
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Cytisine, a Partial Agonist of α4β2 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Reduced Unpredictable Chronic Mild Stress-Induced Depression-Like Behaviors

Han J, Wang DS, Liu SB, Zhao MG

Cytisine (CYT), a partial agonist of α4β2-nicotinic receptors, has been used for antidepressant efficacy in several tests. Nicotinic receptors have been shown to be closely associated with depression. However, little...
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Imidacloprid inhibits IgE-mediated RBL-2H3 cell degranulation and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis

Shi L, Zou L, Gao J, Xu H, Shi X, Chen H

BACKGROUND: Imidacloprid has been commonly used as a pesticide for crop protection and acts as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists. Little information about the relationship between imidacloprid and allergy is available. OBJECTIVE:...
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Nicotine in High Concentration Causes Contraction of Isolated Strips of Rabbit Corpus Cavernosum

Nguyen HB, Lee SY, Park SH, Han JH, Lee MY, Myung SC

It is well known that cigarette smoke can cause erectile dysfunction by affecting the penile vascular system. However, the exact effects of nicotine on the corpus cavernosum remains poorly understood....
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Seven-Day Continuous Abstinence Rate from Smoking at 1, 2, or 3 Years after the Use of Varenicline

Kim JS, Jang JY, Park EH, Lee JY, Gu KM, Jung JW, Choi JC, Shin JW, Park IW, Choi BW, Kim JY

BACKGROUND: Varenicline, a selective partial agonist/antagonist of the alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor, has proven effectiveness for smoking cessation by several randomized, controlled trials. Because few studies have evaluated the long-term efficacy...
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Role of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor alpha3 and alpha7 Subunits in Detrusor Overactivity Induced by Partial Bladder Outlet Obstruction in Rats

Kim HS, Park WJ, Park EY, Koh JS, Hwang TK, Kim JC

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of alpha3 and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits (nAChRs) in the bladder, using a rat model with detrusor overactivity induced by partial bladder outlet obstruction...
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Genetic Association of CHRNB3 and CHRNA6 Gene Polymorphisms with Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale in Korean Population

Won WY, Park B, Choi SW, Kim L, Kwon M, Kim JH, Lee CU, Shin HD, Kim DJ

  • KMID: 2316352
  • Psychiatry Investig.
  • 2014 Jul;11(3):307-312.
OBJECTIVE: Cholinergic nicotinic receptor (CHRN) gene family has been known to mediate the highly additive effects of nicotine in the body, and implicated nicotine dependence (ND) and related phenotypes. Previous...
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Inhibitory Effects of Ginsenoside-Rb2 on Nicotinic Stimulation-Evoked Catecholamine Secretion

Lim HJ, Lee HY, Lim DY

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ginsenoside-Rb2 (Rb2) can affect the secretion of catecholamines (CA) in the perfused model of the rat adrenal medulla. Rb2 (3~30...
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The role of spinal adrenergic receptors on the antinociception of ginsenosides in a rat postoperative pain model

Kim IJ, Park CH, Lee SH, Yoon MH

BACKGROUND: The effect of spinal adrenergic and cholinergic receptors on the anti-nociceptive effect of intrathecal ginsenosides was determined in a rat postoperative pain model. METHODS: Catheters were placed into the intrathecal...
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Mechanism of Efferent Inhibition in Cochlear Hair Cell

Im GJ

Efferent neurons release acetylcholine to inhibit sensory hair cells of the inner ear. The alpha9alpha10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) mediates efferent inhibition of hair cell function within the auditory sensory...
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Antidote for organophosphate insecticide poisoning: atropine and pralidoxime

Chung SP, Roh HK

Acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning produces cholinergic symptoms resulting from the inhibition of cholinesterase, and the overstimulation of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors in the synapses. The dominant clinical features of acute...
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Muscle Relaxants in Critically Ill Patients with Renal Disease

Chon JY

Critical illness often results in renal dysfunction. Renal disease includes acid base imbalance, electrolyte shift and neuromuscular disturbances in critically ill patients, who are influenced by the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics...
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A Functional Polymorphism in the CHRNA3 Gene and Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Korean Population

Lee JY, Yoo SS, Kang HG, Jin G, Bae EY, Choi YY, Choi JE, Jeon HS, Lee J, Lee SY, Cha SI, Kim CH, Park JY

A genome-wide association study has identified the 15q25 region as being associated with the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Caucasians. This study intended as a confirmatory assessment...
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Iptakalim Preferentially Decreases Nicotine-induced Hyperlocomotion in Phencyclidine-sensitized Rats: A Potential Dual Action against Nicotine Addiction and Psychosis

Volf N, Hu G, Li M

OBJECTIVE: Iptakalim is a putative ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel opener. It is also a novel nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) blocker and can antagonize nicotine-induced increase in dopamine release in the...
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Role of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor on Efferent Inhibition in Cochlear Hair Cell

Im GJ

The alpha9alpha10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) mediates efferent inhibition of hair cell function within the auditory sensory organ. Gating of the nAChRs leads to activation of calcium-dependent potassium channels to...
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