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Effect of Cervical Cerclage on the Risk of Recurrent Preterm Birth after a Twin Spontaneous Preterm Birth

Kim S, Park HS, Kwon H, Seol HJ, Bae JG, Ahn KH, Na S, Lee SJ, Lee MY, Lee SM, Kwak DW, Park JY, Park IY, Won HS, Kim MY, Ko HS, Hwang HS, Korean Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Group

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on the recurrence risk for preterm birth in singleton pregnant women after a twin spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS: This...
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Relationship between Breastfeeding, Birth History, and Acute Pyelonephritis in Infants

Lee YJ, Kim KM, Jung HL, Shim JY, Kim DS, Shim JW

BACKGROUND: Although the clinical importance of the immunological benefits of breastfeeding has been emphasized for decades, their direct relationship with acute pyelonephritis (APN) is still not clear. Our goal was...
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Standardization of measurement of cervical elastography, its reproducibility, and analysis of baseline clinical factors affecting elastographic parameters

Seol HJ, Sung JH, Seong WJ, Kim HM, Park HS, Kwon H, Hwang HS, Jung YJ, Kwon JY, Oh SY

OBJECTIVE: To provide a standardized protocol for the measurement of cervical strain elastography, present its reproducibility, and analyze baseline clinical factors affecting the measurement of elastographic parameters. METHODS: This study was...
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Can the cervical length in mid-trimester predict the use of vacuum in vaginal delivery?

Park JY, Kim SM, Sohn J, Kim S, Song E, Kim BJ, Jeon HW

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether an increased cervical length (CL) measured in the mid-trimester is associated with vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included women who delivered...
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The Association of Respiratory Morbidity and Assisted Ventilation Rates in Late Preterm Births after Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Retrospective Cohort Study in a Tertiary Center

Seong JS, Oh SH, Lee SJ, Park JY, Oh KJ, Hong JS

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association of respiratory morbidity and assisted ventilation rates in late preterm births after premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: This retrospective...
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How much have the perinatal outcomes of triplet pregnancies improved over the last two decades?

Kyeong KS, Shim JY, Oh SY, Won HS, Lee PR, Kim A, Yun SC, Kang PN, Choi SJ, Roh CR

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to demonstrate the temporal trends in perinatal outcomes of triplet pregnancies over the last two decades. METHODS: The medical records of patients with triplet pregnancies at...
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Initiation of human parturition: signaling from senescent fetal tissues via extracellular vesicle mediated paracrine mechanism

Menon R

A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms by which signals from the fetus initiate human parturition is required. Our recent findings support the core hypothesis that oxidative stress (OS) and...
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Effects of Prenatal Growth Status on Subsequent Childhood Renal Function Related to High Blood Pressure

Park B, Lee JW, Kim HS, Park EA, Cho SJ, Park H

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the major causes of chronic diseases. The effect on high blood pressure (BP) with fetal growth restriction is now well-established. Recent studies suggest that a...
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Perinatal Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization Versus Natural Pregnancy in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Baek KS, Han S, Kim OH, Heo JS, Jeon J

OBJECTIVE: In vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy is increasing. The recent reviews have reported the perinatal outcomes of IVF were preterm birth, low birth weight, small for gestational age, congenital malformations,...
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Association between Delayed Lactogenesis II and Early Milk Volume among Mothers of Preterm Infants

Yu X, Li J, Lin X, Luan D

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of delayed lactogenesis II on early milk volume in mothers expressing milk for their preterm infants. METHODS: 142 mothers with preterm infants participated...
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A randomized trial comparing limited-excision conisation to Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ) in cervical dysplasia patients

Kolben TM, Etzel LT, Bergauer F, Hagemann I, Hillemanns P, Repper M, Kaufmann A, Sotlar K, Kolben T, Helms HJ, Gallwas J, Mahner S, Dannecker

OBJECTIVE: To show noninferiority of a limited-excision (resection of the dysplastic lesion only) vs. classical Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, multicenter trial, women...
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Artificial Neural Network Analysis of Spontaneous Preterm Labor and Birth and Its Major Determinants

Lee KS, Ahn KH

BACKGROUND: Little research based on the artificial neural network (ANN) is done on preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor and birth) and its major determinants. This study uses an ANN for...
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The Usefulness of the Evaluation of Gastric Residuals in Premature Infants

Lee KM, Choi SJ

PURPOSE: The routine evaluation of gastric residuals (RGR) is considered standard care for premature infants. This study evaluated the usefulness of RGR in premature infants. METHODS: The study retrospectively investigated 208...
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Expansion of Health Insurance Coverage for Prenatal Care and Its Association with Low Birth Weight and Premature Birth

Kim EJ, Park HJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the cost of medical care for pregnancy and childbirth and the birth outcome. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health...
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Cognitive Ability and Related Factors in Preschoolers Born Prematurely

Ahn YM, Lee S

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate cognitive ability in preschoolers born prematurely and to investigate related factors. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal study was conducted with 64 children at 5–6 years...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of remifentanil in lipopolysaccharide–stimulated amniotic epithelial cells

Kim CH, Jeong SS, Park SJ, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Sometimes general anesthesia is required for dental surgery in pregnant women. Facial bone fractures or neck abscess should be treated immediately. Dental surgery, however, creates a stressful situation that...
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Trends in Birth Weight and the Incidence of Low Birth Weight and Advanced Maternal Age in Korea between 1993 and 2016

Kim HE, Song IG, Chung SH, Choi YS, Bae CW

BACKGROUND: As the aging society progresses, the average age of mothers is also increasing. Advanced maternal age has been known to be associated with perinatal outcomes, as well as birth...
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Differential expression and methylation of integrin subunit alpha 11 and thrombospondin in the amnion of preterm birth

Yoo JY, You YA, Kwon EJ, Park MH, Shim S, Kim YJ

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between preterm birth and epigenetic mechanisms in the amnion. METHODS: We examined the association between differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and differentially expressed genes...
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Oral findings and its association with prenatal and perinatal factors in newborns

Perez-Aguirre B, Soto-Barreras U, Loyola-Rodriguez JP, Reyes-Macias JF, Santos-Diaz MA, Loyola-Leyva A, Garcia-Cortes O

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the frequency of abnormalities in the newborn oral cavity and to evaluate the association with prenatal and perinatal factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 2,216...
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Prediction of Gestational Age at Birth using an Artificial Neural Networks in Singleton Preterm Birth

Lee JY, Jo SJ, Jung EJ, Lee KS, Kim SW, Kim HY, Cho GJ, Hong SC, Oh MJ, Kim HJ, Ahn KH

PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to predict the gestational age at preterm birth using artificial neural networks for singleton pregnancy. METHODS: Artificial neural networks (ANNs) were used as...
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