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Relationships between Spinal Sarcopenia and Spinal Sagittal Balance in Older Women

Kim DH, Lee SY, Park SJ, Lee YS

BACKGROUND: Spinal sarcopenia is receiving renewed attention as a cause of spinal sagittal imbalance. However, the relationships between spinal sarcopenia and spinal sagittal balance (SSB) have not been thoroughly investigated....
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Paraspinal Ancient Schwannoma of the Dorsal Ramus Nerve: A Case Report

Kim DG, Jo YM

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of paraspinal ancient schwannoma located at the upper thoracic level that mimicked an atypical lipoma or complicated epidermoid cyst. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW:...
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Multifidus Muscles Lipid Content Is Associated with Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Ogon I, Takebayashi T, Takashima , Morita T, Oshigiri T, Terashima , Yoshimoto , Yamashita

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To determine the association between fatty degeneration of the multifidus muscle (Mm) and intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Few...
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Chondroid metaplasia of paraspinal connective tissue in the degenerative spine

Stevens S, Agten A, Wisanto E, Monaco ML, Verbrugghe J, Timmermans A, Lambrichts I, Vandenabeele F

A 51-year-old male was routinely biopsied during a paraspinal muscle study. The biopsy sample was taken from the right erector spinae muscle at the fourth lumbar vertebra. The patient had...
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Defining the Normal Trends of Serum Creatine Kinase Levels Following Spinal Surgery

Griffith M, Shaw KA, Baird M, Rushford P, Shaw V, Roberts A, Gloystein

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, prognostic study, level II evidence. PURPOSE: To define the normal change in the creatine kinase (CK) levels in patients undergoing prone or supine lumbar or cervical spine surgery...
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Restoration of the Spinous Process Following Muscle-Preserving Posterior Lumbar Decompression via Sagittal Splitting of the Spinous Process

Wi SM, Lee HJ, Chang SY, Kwon OH, Lee CK, Chang BS, Kim H

BACKGROUND: In lumbar spinal stenosis, spinous process-splitting decompression has demonstrated good clinical outcomes with preservation of the posterior ligamentous complex and paraspinal muscles in comparison to conventional laminectomy, but the...
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Factors Associated with the Effect of Conservative Treatment in Surgically Indicated Single-Level Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Patient

Ahn YJ, Im SH, Jang SI

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of date collected prospectively. OBJECTIVES: To report analytic results about association factors related to effect of conservative treatment in surgically indicated single level lumbar spinal stenosis patient. SUMMARY...
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Exercise-Induced Paraspinal Muscle Rhabdomyolysis with Seconary Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report

Cho SM, Lee GJ, Jin YJ, Kim KH, Lee KE, Shim JC, Hwang DH, Kim HK

Lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is an uncommon cause of acute lower back pain. It can result from intense physical activity or as a complication of surgery or medication. Lumbar paraspinal...
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Influence of Slashpipe Exercise on Symmetrical Contraction of Trunk Muscle in Normal Adults

Choi YI, Kim JS, Kim SY

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of slashpipe exercise on reducing the thickness of the left and right external oblique, internal oblique, transverse abdominis, erector spinae, and multifidus muscles. METHODS: A...
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Relationship between Lumbar Extensor Muscle Degeneration Classification and Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture

Heo JY, Park JH, Kim MW, Lee SM, Lim SA, Choi HS, Choi YS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the reliability of the lumbar extensor muscle degeneration classification as an indicator of potential risk for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW:...
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Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Unilateral Biportal Endoscopic Decompression by 30° Arthroscopy in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Minimum 2-Year Follow-up

Kim JE, Choi DJ

BACKGROUND: Open microscopic laminectomy has been the standard surgical method for degenerative spinal stenosis without instability till now. However, it is associated with complications such as paraspinal muscle injury, excessive...
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Effects of NMES and Horseback Riding Using a Robotic Device on the Trunk Muscle Activity and Gross Motor Function in Children with Spastic Diplegia

Park SJ, Youn PS

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and horseback riding using a robotic device on the trunk muscle activity and gross motor function in children with...
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Clinical Correlation between Muscle Damage and Oswestry Disability Index Score after Open Lumbar Surgery: Does Open Surgery Reduces Functional Ability?

Tandon R, Kiyawat V, Kumar N

STUDY DESIGN: Single-surgeon, single-center prospective study with prospective data collection. PURPOSE: To clinically evaluate muscle damage after open lumbar surgery and its relationship to functional activity and to validatethe improvement in...
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Relationship between Lumbar Disc Degeneration and Back Muscle Degeneration

Song KS, Lee SH, Park BM, Lee SK, Lee M, Yeom JU, Lee CY, Lee HM

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between lumbar disc degeneration and back muscle degeneration. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: In the degenerative cascade of the spine described by Kirkaldy-Willis, degeneration...
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Assessment of Paraspinal Muscle Atrophy Percentage after Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Unilateral Instrumentation Using a Novel Contralateral Intact Muscle-Controlled Model

Ortega-Porcayo LA, Leal-López A, Soriano-López ME, Gutiérrez-Partida CF, Ramírez-Barrios LR, Soriano-Solis S, Rodríguez-García M, Soriano-Solis HA, Soriano-Sánchez JA

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative clinical study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess paraspinal muscle atrophy in patients who underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) and unilateral pedicle screw fixation...
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Effectiveness of Iliopsoas Self-Stretching on Hip Extension Angle, Gluteus Maximus Activity, and Pelvic Compensations during Prone Hip Extension in Subjects with Iliopsoas Shortness

Kim KS, Jeon IC

PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of iliopsoas self-stretching on the hip extension angle, gluteus maximus (GM) activity, and pelvic compensated angle during prone hip extension (PHE) in subjects with...
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Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of the Cervical Spine Extensor Muscles: Intrarater and Interrater Reliability of a Novice and an Experienced Rater

Fortin M, Dobrescu O, Jarzem P, Ouellet J, Weber MH

STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study. PURPOSE: To examine the reliability of novice and experienced raters for measurements of the size and composition of the cervical extensor muscles using a thresholding technique. OVERVIEW OF...
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Effect of Whole Body Horizontal Vibration Exercise in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients: Vertical Versus Horizontal Vibration Exercise

Kim H, Kwon BS, Park JW, Lee H, Nam K, Park T, Cho Y, Kim T

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the effect of a 12-week horizontal vibration exercise (HVE) in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients as compared to vertical vibration exercise (VVE). METHODS: Twenty-eight CLBP patients were...
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Segmental Motor Paresis Presenting with Abdominal Wall Pseudohernia due to Herpes Zoster: Case Report

Lee SY, Kim SW, Kim HS, Kim HS, Jeon HR

Herpes zoster is characterized by vesicular eruption and rash of the skin in the affected dermatomes. Sensory symptoms such as pain and hypesthesia are often accompanied in patients with herpes...
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Measurements of Multifidus Signal Intensity in Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Patients with Unilateral Lumbar Radiculopathy

Cho ES, Park YH, Park YS, Chang HJ

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the side- and level-specific change of the multifidus muscle in unilateral radicular pain caused by lumbar disc herniation using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHOD: Sixty-nine patients with...
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